Chemical characterization of the high-molecular-weight material extracted with hot water from green and roasted robusta coffees as affected by the degree of roast.J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Nov 20; 50(24):7046-52.JA
The hot-water-soluble polymeric material from green and roasted Uganda robusta coffees submitted to different degrees of roasting was isolated and characterized, and the changes in structure and amount of galactomannans and arabinogalactans were determined and discussed in relation to the data already available for arabica coffees, obtained under the same experimental conditions. The content of arabinogalactans extracted from robusta green coffee was higher than that extracted from arabica. For roasted coffees, the amount of galactomannans extracted ranged from 0.66% to 0.92% (w/w). These values were near 50% of those obtained from the arabica coffees using the same extraction procedure. However, the amount of arabinogalactans extracted from robusta coffees (0.56-0.72%) was in the range obtained from arabica. The structures of arabinogalactans and galactomannans extracted from green and roasted coffees were not sufficiently different between robusta and arabica coffees to explain the observed differences in extraction yields for the arabinogalactans from green coffees and for the galactomannans from roasted coffees. The total polysaccharide content and the structures of the galactomannans and arabinogalactans in the two green coffee varieties investigated were also very similar. These differences in the extraction of high-molecular-weight polysaccharides between arabica and robusta roasted coffees may be related to the different susceptibility of the cell walls during the roasting process, known to result in a different porosity between arabica and robusta roasted coffees.