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Differences in onset and persistence of substance abuse and dependence among whites, blacks, and Hispanics.
Public Health Rep. 2002; 117 Suppl 1:S51-9.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This article describes patterns of onset, persistence, and cessation of substance abuse among whites, blacks, and Hispanics that are masked in cross-sectional prevalence data.

METHODS

The authors analyzed longitudinal data from a sample of 1,004 white, black, and Hispanic respondents from Chicago to investigate processes of onset, persistence, and cessation of substance abuse and dependence for two age cohorts, 15 and 18 at baseline and 17 and 20 at follow-up.

RESULTS

The data show few racial or ethnic differences in the prevalence of alcohol and marijuana abuse and dependence at age 15. Rates of onset of alcohol abuse and dependence among whites between ages 15 and 17 were significantly higher than for blacks and Hispanics, and the rates of onset of marijuana abuse and dependence among blacks between ages 18 and 20 were significantly higher than for whites and Hispanics of the same age group. There were few significant differences among the three groups in the persistence rates of abuse and dependence.

CONCLUSION

By age 20 the rates of marijuana abuse and dependence are significantly higher among blacks than among whites and Hispanics.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pennsylvania State University, 310F Rackley Building, University Park, PA 16802, USA. sean@pop.psu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12435827

Citation

Reardon, Sean F., and Stephen L. Buka. "Differences in Onset and Persistence of Substance Abuse and Dependence Among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics." Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), vol. 117 Suppl 1, 2002, pp. S51-9.
Reardon SF, Buka SL. Differences in onset and persistence of substance abuse and dependence among whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Public Health Rep. 2002;117 Suppl 1:S51-9.
Reardon, S. F., & Buka, S. L. (2002). Differences in onset and persistence of substance abuse and dependence among whites, blacks, and Hispanics. Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), 117 Suppl 1, S51-9.
Reardon SF, Buka SL. Differences in Onset and Persistence of Substance Abuse and Dependence Among Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics. Public Health Rep. 2002;117 Suppl 1:S51-9. PubMed PMID: 12435827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences in onset and persistence of substance abuse and dependence among whites, blacks, and Hispanics. AU - Reardon,Sean F, AU - Buka,Stephen L, PY - 2002/11/19/pubmed PY - 2002/12/20/medline PY - 2002/11/19/entrez SP - S51 EP - 9 JF - Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) JO - Public Health Rep VL - 117 Suppl 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This article describes patterns of onset, persistence, and cessation of substance abuse among whites, blacks, and Hispanics that are masked in cross-sectional prevalence data. METHODS: The authors analyzed longitudinal data from a sample of 1,004 white, black, and Hispanic respondents from Chicago to investigate processes of onset, persistence, and cessation of substance abuse and dependence for two age cohorts, 15 and 18 at baseline and 17 and 20 at follow-up. RESULTS: The data show few racial or ethnic differences in the prevalence of alcohol and marijuana abuse and dependence at age 15. Rates of onset of alcohol abuse and dependence among whites between ages 15 and 17 were significantly higher than for blacks and Hispanics, and the rates of onset of marijuana abuse and dependence among blacks between ages 18 and 20 were significantly higher than for whites and Hispanics of the same age group. There were few significant differences among the three groups in the persistence rates of abuse and dependence. CONCLUSION: By age 20 the rates of marijuana abuse and dependence are significantly higher among blacks than among whites and Hispanics. SN - 0033-3549 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12435827/Differences_in_onset_and_persistence_of_substance_abuse_and_dependence_among_whites_blacks_and_Hispanics_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -