Fluoxetine in children and adolescents with OCD: a placebo-controlled trial.J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 Dec; 41(12):1431-8.JA
To examine the safety and efficacy of fluoxetine in child and adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Between 1991 and 1998, 43 patients were randomly assigned to fluoxetine or placebo for 8 weeks. Dosing was fixed for the first 6 weeks (up to 60 mg/day) and then could be increased to 80 mg/day. Responders entered an 8-week maintenance phase. The primary outcome measures were the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS) and the Clinical Global Impression-Improvement (CGI-I) scale. Analyses were done on the intent-to-treat sample.
Fluoxetine patients (n = 21) had significantly lower CY-BOCS scores than placebo patients (n = 22) after 16 (but not 8) weeks. Fluoxetine responders (n = 11) had significantly lower CY-BOCS scores than placebo responders (n = 7) after an additional 8 weeks of treatment. After 16 weeks, 57% of fluoxetine (versus 27% of placebo) patients were much or very much improved on the CGI-I scale (p <.05). No patient terminated the study because of adverse medication effects.
Fluoxetine was well tolerated and effective for the treatment of child and adolescent OCD, but fluoxetine's full effect took more than 8 weeks to develop.