Cyst-based toxicity tests XII--development of a short chronic sediment toxicity test with the ostracod crustacean Heterocypris incongruens: selection of test parameters.Environ Toxicol. 2002 Dec; 17(6):520-7.ET
Experiments were carried out with neonates of the freshwater ostracod Heterocypris incongruens hatched from cysts in order to develop a new culture/maintenance-free solid-phase microbiotest for the toxicity assessment of contaminated sediments. Based on preliminary investigations, a number of test parameters were investigated for a short-chronic assay: hatching time, size of the cups of the multiwell test plates, feeding of the test organisms prior to the test, amount of supplemental algal food, volume of sediment, and duration of the test. On the basis of the findings, a test protocol was formulated for a 6-day assay in 12-cup multiwell plates with 10 organisms per cup and 3 replicates. The test organisms were collected 52 h after the start of the incubation of the cysts in standard freshwater at 25 degrees C under continuous illumination after a 4-h prefeeding with 1.3 mg/mL Spirulina. The test biota in the cups were exposed to 300 microL of test sediment in 2 mL of standard freshwater with 3 x 10(7) live algal cells (Raphidocelis subcapitata) as food supplement. Calibrated sand was used as a reference sediment. Mortality and growth of the ostracods were determined after 6 days' incubation at 25 degrees C in darkness. The selected test parameters for the new microbiotest were found adequate for toxicity determination of natural sediments compared with the 10-day contact test with the amphipod Hyalella azteca.