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Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents.
Child Abuse Negl. 2002 Dec; 26(12):1261-74.CA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.

METHOD

A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.

RESULTS

Approximately one-half of these young people reported being physically abused and almost one-third experienced sexual abuse. Females experienced significantly higher rates of sexual abuse compared to males, and sexual minority youth experienced significantly higher rates of physical and sexual abuse compared to heterosexual youth. Average duration of physical and sexual abuse was 5 and 2 years, respectively. Both types of abuse were rated as extremely violent by more than half of those who were abused. The average number of different perpetrators of physical and sexual abuse was four and three, respectively. Biological parents were the majority of perpetrators for physical abuse whereas nonfamily members most often perpetrated sexual abuse. Average age of perpetrators was late 20s to early 30s and the majority of perpetrators were male for both types of abuse.

CONCLUSIONS

The pattern of exploitation and victimization within the family may have serious and cumulative developmental consequences for these youth as they enter the street environment. Early intervention programs are needed to break the cycle of exploitation and abuse that adolescents experience within the family. Without intervention, many of these youth may be at risk of future exploitation and re-victimization out on the street.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sociology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 717 Oldfather Hall, Lincoln, NE 68588-0324, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12464300

Citation

Tyler, Kimberly A., and Ana Mari Cauce. "Perpetrators of Early Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents." Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 26, no. 12, 2002, pp. 1261-74.
Tyler KA, Cauce AM. Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents. Child Abuse Negl. 2002;26(12):1261-74.
Tyler, K. A., & Cauce, A. M. (2002). Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26(12), 1261-74.
Tyler KA, Cauce AM. Perpetrators of Early Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents. Child Abuse Negl. 2002;26(12):1261-74. PubMed PMID: 12464300.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents. AU - Tyler,Kimberly A, AU - Cauce,Ana Mari, PY - 2002/12/5/pubmed PY - 2003/3/19/medline PY - 2002/12/5/entrez SP - 1261 EP - 74 JF - Child abuse & neglect JO - Child Abuse Negl VL - 26 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse. METHOD: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies. RESULTS: Approximately one-half of these young people reported being physically abused and almost one-third experienced sexual abuse. Females experienced significantly higher rates of sexual abuse compared to males, and sexual minority youth experienced significantly higher rates of physical and sexual abuse compared to heterosexual youth. Average duration of physical and sexual abuse was 5 and 2 years, respectively. Both types of abuse were rated as extremely violent by more than half of those who were abused. The average number of different perpetrators of physical and sexual abuse was four and three, respectively. Biological parents were the majority of perpetrators for physical abuse whereas nonfamily members most often perpetrated sexual abuse. Average age of perpetrators was late 20s to early 30s and the majority of perpetrators were male for both types of abuse. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of exploitation and victimization within the family may have serious and cumulative developmental consequences for these youth as they enter the street environment. Early intervention programs are needed to break the cycle of exploitation and abuse that adolescents experience within the family. Without intervention, many of these youth may be at risk of future exploitation and re-victimization out on the street. SN - 0145-2134 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12464300/Perpetrators_of_early_physical_and_sexual_abuse_among_homeless_and_runaway_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0145213402004131 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -