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Depressed mood: changes during a five-year follow-up in 75-year-old men and women in three Nordic localities.
Aging Clin Exp Res 2002; 14(3 Suppl):16-28AC

Abstract

The aim of the study was to look firstly at the changes that occurred in depressive symptomatology over a 5-year period among originally 75-year-old residents in three Nordic localities: Glostrup in Denmark, Göteborg in Sweden and Jyväskylä in Finland, and secondly, at some selected variables if they predicted depressed mood in this study. The study is a part of a 5-year follow-up of the Nordic comparative NORA study on functional capacity. A 5-year follow-up was carried out with the survivors in 1994. Depressive symptomatology was assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The number of survivors was 277 in Glostrup, 226 In Göteborg and 250 in Jyväskylä. The proportion of respondents with depressive symptoms was highest in Jyväskylä; this was true for both men and women at baseline and at the follow-up. In the baseline study, minor depression was more common among women than men in all three localities, and at the follow-up in Göteborg and Glostrup. In the follow-up study, men and women in Jyväskylä scored higher means on the CES-D scale than did the groups in Göteborg and Glostrup. During the follow-up, there was no significant change in the mean score describing depressed mood (CES-D total scale) in any locality in either men or women. The mean score of those who died during the follow-up period differed significantly from the score of survivors among women in Göteborg and in Glostrup. The most clear predictors for depressed mood in this Nordic 5-year follow-up study were chronic diseases, feelings of loneliness, and self-rated health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Sciences and Finnish Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontology, University of Jyväskylä. rheikkin@pallo.jyu.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12475130

Citation

Heikkinen, Riitta-Liisa, et al. "Depressed Mood: Changes During a Five-year Follow-up in 75-year-old Men and Women in Three Nordic Localities." Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 14, no. 3 Suppl, 2002, pp. 16-28.
Heikkinen RL, Berg S, Avlund K, et al. Depressed mood: changes during a five-year follow-up in 75-year-old men and women in three Nordic localities. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2002;14(3 Suppl):16-28.
Heikkinen, R. L., Berg, S., Avlund, K., & Tömäkangas, T. (2002). Depressed mood: changes during a five-year follow-up in 75-year-old men and women in three Nordic localities. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 14(3 Suppl), pp. 16-28.
Heikkinen RL, et al. Depressed Mood: Changes During a Five-year Follow-up in 75-year-old Men and Women in Three Nordic Localities. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2002;14(3 Suppl):16-28. PubMed PMID: 12475130.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depressed mood: changes during a five-year follow-up in 75-year-old men and women in three Nordic localities. AU - Heikkinen,Riitta-Liisa, AU - Berg,Stig, AU - Avlund,Kirsten, AU - Tömäkangas,Timo, PY - 2002/12/12/pubmed PY - 2003/5/9/medline PY - 2002/12/12/entrez SP - 16 EP - 28 JF - Aging clinical and experimental research JO - Aging Clin Exp Res VL - 14 IS - 3 Suppl N2 - The aim of the study was to look firstly at the changes that occurred in depressive symptomatology over a 5-year period among originally 75-year-old residents in three Nordic localities: Glostrup in Denmark, Göteborg in Sweden and Jyväskylä in Finland, and secondly, at some selected variables if they predicted depressed mood in this study. The study is a part of a 5-year follow-up of the Nordic comparative NORA study on functional capacity. A 5-year follow-up was carried out with the survivors in 1994. Depressive symptomatology was assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The number of survivors was 277 in Glostrup, 226 In Göteborg and 250 in Jyväskylä. The proportion of respondents with depressive symptoms was highest in Jyväskylä; this was true for both men and women at baseline and at the follow-up. In the baseline study, minor depression was more common among women than men in all three localities, and at the follow-up in Göteborg and Glostrup. In the follow-up study, men and women in Jyväskylä scored higher means on the CES-D scale than did the groups in Göteborg and Glostrup. During the follow-up, there was no significant change in the mean score describing depressed mood (CES-D total scale) in any locality in either men or women. The mean score of those who died during the follow-up period differed significantly from the score of survivors among women in Göteborg and in Glostrup. The most clear predictors for depressed mood in this Nordic 5-year follow-up study were chronic diseases, feelings of loneliness, and self-rated health. SN - 1594-0667 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12475130/Depressed_mood:_changes_during_a_five_year_follow_up_in_75_year_old_men_and_women_in_three_Nordic_localities_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/olderadulthealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -