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Changing oral health status and oral health behaviour of schoolchildren in Poland.
Community Dent Health. 2002 Dec; 19(4):243-50.CD

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess the occurrence of dental caries over time in Polish schoolchildren, to analyse the oral health behaviour of children and mothers, and to compare the levels of dental knowledge and attitudes of mothers and schoolteachers.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional oral health surveys of children aged 6 and 12 years were carried out in 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2000; questionnaire surveys of a sample of mothers and schoolteachers were conducted in 1999.

SETTING

The surveys in schools intended to aid planning and evaluation of the revitalised school oral health programme in Poland.

SUBJECTS

Children of age six years comprised: 1995 (n = 1860); 1997 (n = 922); 1999 (n = 2290); 2000 (n = 3391). The surveys of 12-year-old subjects covered: 1995 (n = 1859); 1997 (n = 2743); 1999 (n = 3060): 2000 (n = 3391). Mothers (n = 1040) of a randomised subsample of children (response rate 83%) and 471 schoolteachers (response rate 95%) were identified for the questionnaire surveys in 1999.

OUTCOME MEASURE

Dental caries in children was recorded by WHO methods and criteria, self-administered questionnaires were used to gather information on dental knowledge, attitudes and practices of children and mothers while self-administered questionnaires for teachers covered dental knowledge, attitudes and involvement in health education.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The proportions of 6-year-old children being caries-free were 13% in 1995, 17% in 1997, 18% in 1999 and 12% in 2000. The mean DMFT of children aged 12 years was 4.2 in 1995, 4.0 in 1997, 4.0 in 1999 and 3.8 in 2000; the D-component was particularly high for rural children. In 1999, toothbrushing at least twice a day was reported for 64% of children and this practice was relatively frequent in urban areas. Dental visits were made by 71% of children and 56% of mothers. Knowledge and attitudes were low, particularly in rural areas. Dental care habits of children were highly influenced by dental attendance and level of education of mothers. Knowledge and attitudes were higher for teachers than mothers. The teachers knew about the poor dental conditions in children and wanted to become involved in oral health education. In conclusion, the need for oral health education of children and mothers was shown and the continuous implementation of school oral health programmes is most relevant.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical University of Warsaw, Department for Conservative Dentistry, Warsaw, Poland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12489839

Citation

Wierzbicka, Maria, et al. "Changing Oral Health Status and Oral Health Behaviour of Schoolchildren in Poland." Community Dental Health, vol. 19, no. 4, 2002, pp. 243-50.
Wierzbicka M, Petersen PE, Szatko F, et al. Changing oral health status and oral health behaviour of schoolchildren in Poland. Community Dent Health. 2002;19(4):243-50.
Wierzbicka, M., Petersen, P. E., Szatko, F., Dybizbanska, E., & Kalo, I. (2002). Changing oral health status and oral health behaviour of schoolchildren in Poland. Community Dental Health, 19(4), 243-50.
Wierzbicka M, et al. Changing Oral Health Status and Oral Health Behaviour of Schoolchildren in Poland. Community Dent Health. 2002;19(4):243-50. PubMed PMID: 12489839.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Changing oral health status and oral health behaviour of schoolchildren in Poland. AU - Wierzbicka,Maria, AU - Petersen,Poul Erik, AU - Szatko,Franciszek, AU - Dybizbanska,Elzbieta, AU - Kalo,Isuf, PY - 2002/12/20/pubmed PY - 2003/3/14/medline PY - 2002/12/20/entrez SP - 243 EP - 50 JF - Community dental health JO - Community Dent Health VL - 19 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess the occurrence of dental caries over time in Polish schoolchildren, to analyse the oral health behaviour of children and mothers, and to compare the levels of dental knowledge and attitudes of mothers and schoolteachers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional oral health surveys of children aged 6 and 12 years were carried out in 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2000; questionnaire surveys of a sample of mothers and schoolteachers were conducted in 1999. SETTING: The surveys in schools intended to aid planning and evaluation of the revitalised school oral health programme in Poland. SUBJECTS: Children of age six years comprised: 1995 (n = 1860); 1997 (n = 922); 1999 (n = 2290); 2000 (n = 3391). The surveys of 12-year-old subjects covered: 1995 (n = 1859); 1997 (n = 2743); 1999 (n = 3060): 2000 (n = 3391). Mothers (n = 1040) of a randomised subsample of children (response rate 83%) and 471 schoolteachers (response rate 95%) were identified for the questionnaire surveys in 1999. OUTCOME MEASURE: Dental caries in children was recorded by WHO methods and criteria, self-administered questionnaires were used to gather information on dental knowledge, attitudes and practices of children and mothers while self-administered questionnaires for teachers covered dental knowledge, attitudes and involvement in health education. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The proportions of 6-year-old children being caries-free were 13% in 1995, 17% in 1997, 18% in 1999 and 12% in 2000. The mean DMFT of children aged 12 years was 4.2 in 1995, 4.0 in 1997, 4.0 in 1999 and 3.8 in 2000; the D-component was particularly high for rural children. In 1999, toothbrushing at least twice a day was reported for 64% of children and this practice was relatively frequent in urban areas. Dental visits were made by 71% of children and 56% of mothers. Knowledge and attitudes were low, particularly in rural areas. Dental care habits of children were highly influenced by dental attendance and level of education of mothers. Knowledge and attitudes were higher for teachers than mothers. The teachers knew about the poor dental conditions in children and wanted to become involved in oral health education. In conclusion, the need for oral health education of children and mothers was shown and the continuous implementation of school oral health programmes is most relevant. SN - 0265-539X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12489839/Changing_oral_health_status_and_oral_health_behaviour_of_schoolchildren_in_Poland_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/5397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -