[Modulation of sphingosine 1-phosphate, a new lipid mediator, on nitric oxide production by vascular smooth muscle cells].Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2002 Nov; 120(1):70P-72P.NY
The effects of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by interleukin (IL)-1 beta in cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) have been investigated. Rat VSMCs abundantly expressed mRNA of Edg-3 and Edg-5 receptor subtypes in both unstimulated and IL-1 beta-stimulated cells. S1P at higher than 0.1 microM inhibited the NO production induced by IL-1 beta in a concentration-dependent manner, in which S1P at 10 microM caused over 90% inhibition. S1P also inhibited inducible NO synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA expressions induced by IL-1 beta in a concentration-dependent manner, which effects were smaller than that in the NO production. S1P also significantly inhibited GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH) mRNA expression induced by IL-1 beta. PTX pretreatment partially prevented the inhibitory effects of S1P on the NO production and iNOS induction, while completely prevented the inhibitory effects on iNOS and GTPCH mRNA expressions. In PTX-pretreated VSMC, S1P showed a bell-shaped enhancing and inhibitory effect on iNOS protein expression. These results suggest that S1P modulates IL-1 beta induction of NO production by rat VSMCs through multiple mechanisms, partially via Edg-3 and Edg-5 receptor subtypes coupled to PTX-sensitive G proteins.