Effect of candesartan, a type 1 angiotensin II receptor antagonist, on bronchial hyper-responsiveness to methacholine in patients with bronchial asthma.Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2002 Dec; 54(6):622-6.BJ
Angiotensin II is a putative mediator in bronchial asthma. There have been very few studies investigating the involvement of angiotensin II receptors in bronchial hyper-responsiveness in asthmatic patients. We examined the effect of candesartan cilexetil, a specific angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist, on bronchial responsiveness to inhaled methacholine in patients with asthma.
Bronchial responsiveness to methacholine, assessed as the concentration of methacholine producing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20-FEV1), was measured on three occasions 2 weeks apart in 11 stable asthmatic patients. Candesartan cilexetil (8 mg once a day) or a placebo was orally administered for 1 week before the methacholine provocation test in a double-blind, randomized, crossover manner.
Although there were no significant differences between treatment periods in FEV1 values at baseline, the geometric mean (95% CI) PC20-FEV1 values increased significantly (P = 0.041) from 0.691 (0.379, 1.259) mg ml-1 with placebo to 0.837 (0.506, 1.384) mg ml-1 with candesartan. Candesartan decreased the mean (95% CI) arterial blood pressure (placebo: 95.6 (89.0, 102.2) mmHg, candesartan: 86.4 (79.8, 93.1) mmHg, P = 0.015). There was no correlation between the change in blood pressure and the change in PC20-FEV1.
We conclude that AT1 receptors are involved in bronchial hyper-responsiveness in asthmatic patients.