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Genes, environment, and individual differences in alcohol expectancies among female adolescents and young adults.
Psychol Addict Behav. 2002 Dec; 16(4):308-17.PA

Abstract

Alcohol expectancies are an important proximal causal risk factor in several models of the familial transmission of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence, yet the familial transmission of alcohol expectancies is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the familial transmission of positive alcohol expectancies. Participants were 2,627 14- to 22-year-old female twins. Experiences shared by twins, rather than genetic factors, explained most of the familial similarity for positive alcohol expectancies, but an even larger proportion of the variation in positive alcohol expectancies was explained by nonfamilial factors. The extent to which the familial similarity for positive alcohol expectancies was moderated by age, race, drinking status, and the sharing of peer groups was also examined.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Missouri Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, 65211, USA. slutskew@missouri.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12503903

Citation

Slutske, Wendy S., et al. "Genes, Environment, and Individual Differences in Alcohol Expectancies Among Female Adolescents and Young Adults." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 16, no. 4, 2002, pp. 308-17.
Slutske WS, Cronk NJ, Sher KJ, et al. Genes, environment, and individual differences in alcohol expectancies among female adolescents and young adults. Psychol Addict Behav. 2002;16(4):308-17.
Slutske, W. S., Cronk, N. J., Sher, K. J., Madden, P. A., Bucholz, K. K., & Heath, A. C. (2002). Genes, environment, and individual differences in alcohol expectancies among female adolescents and young adults. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 16(4), 308-17.
Slutske WS, et al. Genes, Environment, and Individual Differences in Alcohol Expectancies Among Female Adolescents and Young Adults. Psychol Addict Behav. 2002;16(4):308-17. PubMed PMID: 12503903.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Genes, environment, and individual differences in alcohol expectancies among female adolescents and young adults. AU - Slutske,Wendy S, AU - Cronk,Nikole J, AU - Sher,Kenneth J, AU - Madden,Pamela A F, AU - Bucholz,Kathleen K, AU - Heath,Andrew C, PY - 2002/12/31/pubmed PY - 2003/2/14/medline PY - 2002/12/31/entrez SP - 308 EP - 17 JF - Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors JO - Psychol Addict Behav VL - 16 IS - 4 N2 - Alcohol expectancies are an important proximal causal risk factor in several models of the familial transmission of alcohol use, abuse, and dependence, yet the familial transmission of alcohol expectancies is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the familial transmission of positive alcohol expectancies. Participants were 2,627 14- to 22-year-old female twins. Experiences shared by twins, rather than genetic factors, explained most of the familial similarity for positive alcohol expectancies, but an even larger proportion of the variation in positive alcohol expectancies was explained by nonfamilial factors. The extent to which the familial similarity for positive alcohol expectancies was moderated by age, race, drinking status, and the sharing of peer groups was also examined. SN - 0893-164X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12503903/Genes_environment_and_individual_differences_in_alcohol_expectancies_among_female_adolescents_and_young_adults_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/adb/16/4/308 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -