Non-obese hyperlipidemic Asian northern Indian males have adverse anthropometric profile.Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2002 Aug; 12(4):178-83.NM
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Hyperlipidemia is commonly ascribed to obesity. We studied the association of anthropometric profile and nutrient intake with hyperlipidemia in non-obese Asian Indian males.
METHODS AND RESULTS
In a case-control study, non-diabetic, non-obese males with body mass index (BMI) < 25 Kg/m2 having primary hyperlipidemia (n = 50) were compared with healthy normolipidemic males (BMI < 25 Kg/m2, n = 50). In this study, BMI (p < 0.001), waist circumference (WC) (p < 0.001), waist/hip ratio (p < 0.01), skinfolds (p < 0.001), sum of four skinfolds (p < 0.001), and percentage of body fat (%BF) (p < 0.001) were significantly higher in hyperlipidemic subjects as compared to normolipidemic controls. High %BF (> 25%) was observed in 26% of hyperlipidemic subjects and in 8% normolipidemic controls (p < 0.01). Using analysis of covariance (after adjusting for BMI), WC (p < 0.001), %BF (p < 0.01) and %BF/BMI ratio (p < 0.01) were significantly higher in the hyperlipidemic subjects. Intakes of total calories, total fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, dietary fiber, vitamin E and n-6/n-3 fatty acids ratio were statistically comparable between the two groups. In hyperlipidemic subjects biceps skinfold correlated negatively to levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = -0.28, p < 0.05) and serum triglycerides correlated positively to intakes of carbohydrate (r = 0.31, p < 0.05), and dietary n-3 fatty acids (r = 0.34, p < 0.05).
Hyperlipidemic Asian Indian males, defined as "non-obese" based on BMI, had adverse profile of anthropometric parameters and excess %BF as compared to normolipidemic males. Therefore, while dealing with hyperlipidemic Asian Indians, physicians should consider anthropometric parameters (WC), %BF, and %BF/BMI ratio in addition to BMI in the clinical assessment.