Calcium exerts a larger regulatory effect on potassium+ channels in small mesenteric artery mycoytes from spontaneously hypertensive rats compared to Wistar-Kyoto rats.Am J Hypertens. 2003 Jan; 16(1):21-7.AJ
Hypertension is associated with a remodeling of arterial smooth muscle K(+) channels with Ca(2+)-gated K(+) channel (BK(Ca)) activity being enhanced and voltage-gated K(+) channel (K(v)) activity depressed. Because both of these channel types are modulated by intracellular Ca(2+), we tested the hypothesis that Ca(2+) had a larger effect on both BK(Ca) and K(v) channels in arterial myocytes from hypertensive animals. Myocytes were enzymatically dispersed from small mesenteric arteries (SMA) of 12-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Using whole cell patch clamp methods, BK(Ca) and K(v) current components were determined as iberiotoxin-sensitive and -insensitive currents, respectively. The effects of Ca(2+) on these K(+) current components were determined from measurements made with 0.2 and 2 mmol/L external Ca(2+). Increasing external Ca(2+) from 0.2 to 2 mmol/L Ca(2+) increased BK(Ca) currents recorded using myocytes from both WKY rats and SHR with a larger effect in SHR. Increasing external Ca(2+) decreased K(v) currents recorded using myocytes from both WKY and SHR also with a larger effect in SHR. In other experiments, currents through voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (Ca(v)) measured at 0.2 mmol/L external Ca(2+) were 12 +/- 2% (n = 12) of those recorded at 2 mmol/L Ca(2+) with no differences in percent effect between WKY and SHR. In isolated SMA segments, isometric force development in response to 140 mmol/L KCl at 0.2 mmol/L external Ca(2+) was about 23 +/- 6% (n = 8) of that measured at 2 mmol/L external Ca(2+). These results suggest that an increase in Ca(2+) influx through Ca(v) or in intracellular Ca(2+) secondary to an increase in external Ca(2+) augments BK(Ca) currents and inhibits K(v) currents in SMA myocytes with a larger effect in SHR compared to WKY. This mechanism may contribute to the functional remodeling of K(+) currents of arterial myocytes in hypertensive animals.