GABA-mediated inhibition of glutamate release during ischemia in substantia gelatinosa of the adult rat.J Neurophysiol. 2003 Jan; 89(1):257-64.JN
An ischemia-induced change in glutamatergic transmission was investigated in substantia gelatinosa (SG) neurons of adult rat spinal cord slices by use of the whole cell patch-clamp technique; the ischemia was simulated by superfusing an oxygen- and glucose-free medium (ISM). Following ISM superfusion, 21 of 37 SG neurons tested produced an outward current (23 +/- 4 pA at a holding potential of -70 mV), which was followed by a slow and subsequent rapid inward current; the remaining neurons had only inward currents. During such a change in holding currents, spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were remarkably decreased in a frequency with time (half-decay time of the frequency: about 65 s). The frequency of spontaneous EPSCs was reduced to 28 +/- 13% (n = 37) of the control level during the generation of the slow inward current (about 4 min after the beginning of ISM superfusion) without a change in the amplitude of spontaneous EPSCs. When ISM was superfused together with either bicuculline (10 microM) or CGP35348 (20 microM; GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor antagonists, respectively), spontaneous EPSC frequency reduced by ISM recovered to the control level and then the frequency markedly increased [by 325 +/- 120% (n = 22) and 326 +/- 91% (n = 17), respectively, 4 min after ISM superfusion]; this alteration in the frequency was not accompanied by a change in spontaneous EPSC amplitude. Superfusing TTX (1 microM)-containing ISM resulted in a similar recovery of spontaneous EPSC frequency and following increase (by 328 +/- 26%, n = 12) in the frequency; strychnine (1 microM) did not affect ISM-induced changes in spontaneous EPSC frequency (n = 5). It is concluded that the ischemic simulation inhibits excitatory transmission to SG neurons, whose action is in part mediated by the activation of presynaptic GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptors, probably due to GABA released from interneurons as a result of an ischemia-induced increase in neuronal activities. This action might protect SG neurons from an excessive excitation mediated by L-glutamate during ischemia.