Legionnaires' disease in Ireland--a cause for concern?Ir Med J. 2002 Nov-Dec; 95(10):308-10.IM
Legionnaires' disease is a multi-system illness that can have widespread clinical symptoms, though the principle manifestation is pneumonia. A review of all legionnaires' disease case notifications in Ireland in the 4 year period 1998-2001 was undertaken to assess the degree of concern health authorities here should have in relation to this disease. There were 17 cases of legionnaires' disease (all were legionella pneumophila serogroup 1) notified to the National Disease Surveillance Centre in the period 1998-2001. Nine cases were travel-associated cases with the majority of cases occurring during the summer months. There were 2 deaths. It would appear that legionnaires' disease is rare in Ireland but when compared with other European countries Ireland is conspicuous by its low rate. This would suggest that a major degree of under diagnosis and under reporting of legionnaires' disease currently exists in Ireland.