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Obsessive compulsive behaviour and depressive symptoms in young people with Tourette syndrome. A controlled study.
Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002 Dec; 11(6):261-5.EC

Abstract

Tourette syndrome (TS) is characterised by multiple motor and one or more vocal tics. There have been no controlled studies using standardised instruments of depressive symptoms and obsessive compulsive symptomatology (OCS) in young people with TS. We completed a study of phenomenology and psychopathology in children with TS, including a controlled evaluation of the association between depressive symptoms, OCS, and TS. 57 people aged 15 or under with TS were recruited. Phenomenology and psychopathology were assessed using standardised instruments. The association between TS, depressive symptoms and obsessionality was investigated using 75 age- and gender-matched controls. There were high levels of depressive symptomatology and OCS in the TS group. Twenty-three (40 %) had carried out self-injurious behaviours and 34 (60 %) met criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Depressive symptoms and obsessionality were higher in the TS cohort compared with the control group; this excess persisted after adjustment for the effects of age, gender and comorbidity between depression and obsessionality. This study demonstrates high levels of psychopathology in children with TS, including ADHD, OCS and depressive symptoms. The findings illustrate the potentially complex, challenging combination of difficulties encountered by children with TS and those who care for them.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Royal Free and University College London Medical School, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, 2nd Floor, Wolfson Building, 48 Riding House Street, London W1N 8AA, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12541004

Citation

Robertson, Mary M., et al. "Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour and Depressive Symptoms in Young People With Tourette Syndrome. a Controlled Study." European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 11, no. 6, 2002, pp. 261-5.
Robertson MM, Banerjee S, Eapen V, et al. Obsessive compulsive behaviour and depressive symptoms in young people with Tourette syndrome. A controlled study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002;11(6):261-5.
Robertson, M. M., Banerjee, S., Eapen, V., & Fox-Hiley, P. (2002). Obsessive compulsive behaviour and depressive symptoms in young people with Tourette syndrome. A controlled study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 11(6), 261-5.
Robertson MM, et al. Obsessive Compulsive Behaviour and Depressive Symptoms in Young People With Tourette Syndrome. a Controlled Study. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2002;11(6):261-5. PubMed PMID: 12541004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Obsessive compulsive behaviour and depressive symptoms in young people with Tourette syndrome. A controlled study. AU - Robertson,Mary M, AU - Banerjee,Sube, AU - Eapen,Valsamma, AU - Fox-Hiley,Paul, PY - 2003/1/24/pubmed PY - 2003/7/4/medline PY - 2003/1/24/entrez SP - 261 EP - 5 JF - European child & adolescent psychiatry JO - Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry VL - 11 IS - 6 N2 - Tourette syndrome (TS) is characterised by multiple motor and one or more vocal tics. There have been no controlled studies using standardised instruments of depressive symptoms and obsessive compulsive symptomatology (OCS) in young people with TS. We completed a study of phenomenology and psychopathology in children with TS, including a controlled evaluation of the association between depressive symptoms, OCS, and TS. 57 people aged 15 or under with TS were recruited. Phenomenology and psychopathology were assessed using standardised instruments. The association between TS, depressive symptoms and obsessionality was investigated using 75 age- and gender-matched controls. There were high levels of depressive symptomatology and OCS in the TS group. Twenty-three (40 %) had carried out self-injurious behaviours and 34 (60 %) met criteria for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Depressive symptoms and obsessionality were higher in the TS cohort compared with the control group; this excess persisted after adjustment for the effects of age, gender and comorbidity between depression and obsessionality. This study demonstrates high levels of psychopathology in children with TS, including ADHD, OCS and depressive symptoms. The findings illustrate the potentially complex, challenging combination of difficulties encountered by children with TS and those who care for them. SN - 1018-8827 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12541004/Obsessive_compulsive_behaviour_and_depressive_symptoms_in_young_people_with_Tourette_syndrome__A_controlled_study_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-002-0301-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -