Sectorial keratitis and uveitis: differential diagnosis.Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2003 Jan; 241(1):2-7.GA
The purpose of this study was to examine the importance of considering the differential diagnosis for patients with sectorial keratitis and uveitis by case summary and literature review.
A retrospective review of patients with sectorial keratitis and uveitis seen at the Ocular Immunology and Uveitis Service of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and a summary of the diagnoses of cases with similar ocular findings that have been reported in the literature.
Data on six patients with sectorial keratitis and uveitis were reviewed. Four patients were female and two were male, ages 21-50 years. All were eventually diagnosed with herpes simplex viral stromal sectorial keratitis. The corneal infiltrates were most common in the superior corneal quadrants, located in the posterior corneal layers. Anterior non-granulomatous uveitis was present in all cases. One case had bilateral ocular involvement. Five of the six patients responded to topical steroids and antiviral treatment. Immunomodulation with methotrexate, cyclosporine, and systemic prednisone was required in one patient. Glaucoma was a complication in six of the seven eyes. Five patients developed corneal scarring, localized in the anterior and mid-stroma.
The differential diagnosis of sectorial keratitis and uveitis is limited. The entities included in the differential are diverse; some of them threaten not only vision but also life. It is important for the ophthalmologist to be familiar with these entities, in order to pursue pertinent diagnostic investigations and arrive at an accurate diagnosis and institute appropriate management.