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Caries experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in central and western Nepal.
Int Dent J. 2002 Dec; 52(6):453-60.ID

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe and analyse the caries experience and caries prevalence in the deciduous dentition of 5-6-year-old schoolchildren and in the permanent dentition of 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in western and central Nepal.

DESIGN

Non-randomised cross-sectional surveys conducted by trained and calibrated examiners.

SETTING

Surveys were conducted in private and government rural and urban schools at 10 sites along the Terai and the foothills in eight districts of western and central Nepal.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2,177, 5-6-year-old and 3,323, 12-13-year-old schoolchildren from urban and rural areas were examined under WHO Pathfinder methodology.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Prevalence of caries and dental caries experience (dmft/DMFT).

RESULTS

The caries prevalence and mean dmft score of 5-6-year-olds was 67% and 3.3 (urban 64% and 2.9; rural 78% and 4.0). The caries prevalence and mean DMFT score of 12-13-year-olds was 41% and 1.1 (urban 35% and 0.9; rural 54% and 1.5). The d/D-component constituted almost the entire dmft/DMFT index.

CONCLUSION

The recorded prevalence of untreated dental caries in schoolchildren requires an appropriate oral health response based primarily on prevention and health promotion. Foremost in this regime would be the promotion and use of accessible and affordable fluoridated toothpaste.

Authors+Show Affiliations

United Mission to Nepal Oral Health Care Programme, P.O. Box 126, Kathmandu, Nepal. rrsyee@hotmail.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12553401

Citation

Yee, R, and N McDonald. "Caries Experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old Schoolchildren in Central and Western Nepal." International Dental Journal, vol. 52, no. 6, 2002, pp. 453-60.
Yee R, McDonald N. Caries experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in central and western Nepal. Int Dent J. 2002;52(6):453-60.
Yee, R., & McDonald, N. (2002). Caries experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in central and western Nepal. International Dental Journal, 52(6), 453-60.
Yee R, McDonald N. Caries Experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old Schoolchildren in Central and Western Nepal. Int Dent J. 2002;52(6):453-60. PubMed PMID: 12553401.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caries experience of 5-6-year-old and 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in central and western Nepal. AU - Yee,R, AU - McDonald,N, PY - 2003/1/30/pubmed PY - 2003/4/29/medline PY - 2003/1/30/entrez SP - 453 EP - 60 JF - International dental journal JO - Int Dent J VL - 52 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyse the caries experience and caries prevalence in the deciduous dentition of 5-6-year-old schoolchildren and in the permanent dentition of 12-13-year-old schoolchildren in western and central Nepal. DESIGN: Non-randomised cross-sectional surveys conducted by trained and calibrated examiners. SETTING: Surveys were conducted in private and government rural and urban schools at 10 sites along the Terai and the foothills in eight districts of western and central Nepal. SUBJECTS: A total of 2,177, 5-6-year-old and 3,323, 12-13-year-old schoolchildren from urban and rural areas were examined under WHO Pathfinder methodology. OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of caries and dental caries experience (dmft/DMFT). RESULTS: The caries prevalence and mean dmft score of 5-6-year-olds was 67% and 3.3 (urban 64% and 2.9; rural 78% and 4.0). The caries prevalence and mean DMFT score of 12-13-year-olds was 41% and 1.1 (urban 35% and 0.9; rural 54% and 1.5). The d/D-component constituted almost the entire dmft/DMFT index. CONCLUSION: The recorded prevalence of untreated dental caries in schoolchildren requires an appropriate oral health response based primarily on prevention and health promotion. Foremost in this regime would be the promotion and use of accessible and affordable fluoridated toothpaste. SN - 0020-6539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12553401/Caries_experience_of_5_6_year_old_and_12_13_year_old_schoolchildren_in_central_and_western_Nepal_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0020-6539&date=2002&volume=52&issue=6&spage=453 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -