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Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study.
Ann Epidemiol 2003; 13(2):119-27AE

Abstract

PURPOSE

To calibrate and compare intake of different fats and individual fatty acids as assessed with a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against that estimated with (i) a series of dietary recalls and; (ii) the relative fat concentration in an adipose tissue biopsy. The FFQ was specially designed for use in a cohort of Seventh-day Adventists. In preparation for a large cohort study investigating the effect of diet on risk of colon, prostate and breast cancer.

METHODS

The association of adipose tissue fatty acids and dietary fat intake was assessed in 49 black and 72 white Seventh-day Adventists subjects using 8 different 24-hour recalls, a 200-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and adipose tissue biopsies from each subject.

RESULTS

Pearson correlation between fatty acids in adipose tissue and dietary intake as assessed by multiple 24-hour recalls were as follows: Linoleic acid: 0.77 in black and 0.71 in white subjects, respectively; Linolenic acid: 0.68 (blacks) and 0.62 (whites); Total Polyunsaturated fat (PUFA): 0.78 (blacks) and 0.70 (whites); Total Monounsaturated fat (MUFA): 0.35 (blacks) and 0.03 (whites); Total Saturated fat (SFA): 0.46 (blacks) and 0.56 (whites). Correlations between fatty acids in adipose tissue and dietary intake as assessed by FFQ were: Linoleic acid: 0.61 (blacks) and 0.52 (whites), respectively; Linolenic acid: 0.29 (blacks) and 0.49 (whites); PUFA: 0.62 (blacks) and 0.53 (whites); MUFA: 0.07 (blacks) and 0.31 (whites), SFA: 0.21 (blacks) and 0.31 (whites).

CONCLUSIONS

Our study confirms findings of others that 24-hour recalls are valid for assessing dietary intake of different types of fat. The FFQ we developed and used in this study gave reasonably valid measures of fatty acid intake in our population and is thus suitable for use in large cohort studies. It had validity comparable to that observed for other FFQs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Loma Linda University School of Public Health, CA 92350, USA. sknutsen@sph.llu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12559671

Citation

Knutsen, Synnøve F., et al. "Comparison of Adipose Tissue Fatty Acids With Dietary Fatty Acids as Measured By 24-hour Recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study." Annals of Epidemiology, vol. 13, no. 2, 2003, pp. 119-27.
Knutsen SF, Fraser GE, Beeson WL, et al. Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study. Ann Epidemiol. 2003;13(2):119-27.
Knutsen, S. F., Fraser, G. E., Beeson, W. L., Lindsted, K. D., & Shavlik, D. J. (2003). Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study. Annals of Epidemiology, 13(2), pp. 119-27.
Knutsen SF, et al. Comparison of Adipose Tissue Fatty Acids With Dietary Fatty Acids as Measured By 24-hour Recall and Food Frequency Questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study. Ann Epidemiol. 2003;13(2):119-27. PubMed PMID: 12559671.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of adipose tissue fatty acids with dietary fatty acids as measured by 24-hour recall and food frequency questionnaire in Black and White Adventists: the Adventist Health Study. AU - Knutsen,Synnøve F, AU - Fraser,Gary E, AU - Beeson,W Lawrence, AU - Lindsted,Kristian D, AU - Shavlik,David J, PY - 2003/2/1/pubmed PY - 2003/5/16/medline PY - 2003/2/1/entrez SP - 119 EP - 27 JF - Annals of epidemiology JO - Ann Epidemiol VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: To calibrate and compare intake of different fats and individual fatty acids as assessed with a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against that estimated with (i) a series of dietary recalls and; (ii) the relative fat concentration in an adipose tissue biopsy. The FFQ was specially designed for use in a cohort of Seventh-day Adventists. In preparation for a large cohort study investigating the effect of diet on risk of colon, prostate and breast cancer. METHODS: The association of adipose tissue fatty acids and dietary fat intake was assessed in 49 black and 72 white Seventh-day Adventists subjects using 8 different 24-hour recalls, a 200-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and adipose tissue biopsies from each subject. RESULTS: Pearson correlation between fatty acids in adipose tissue and dietary intake as assessed by multiple 24-hour recalls were as follows: Linoleic acid: 0.77 in black and 0.71 in white subjects, respectively; Linolenic acid: 0.68 (blacks) and 0.62 (whites); Total Polyunsaturated fat (PUFA): 0.78 (blacks) and 0.70 (whites); Total Monounsaturated fat (MUFA): 0.35 (blacks) and 0.03 (whites); Total Saturated fat (SFA): 0.46 (blacks) and 0.56 (whites). Correlations between fatty acids in adipose tissue and dietary intake as assessed by FFQ were: Linoleic acid: 0.61 (blacks) and 0.52 (whites), respectively; Linolenic acid: 0.29 (blacks) and 0.49 (whites); PUFA: 0.62 (blacks) and 0.53 (whites); MUFA: 0.07 (blacks) and 0.31 (whites), SFA: 0.21 (blacks) and 0.31 (whites). CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirms findings of others that 24-hour recalls are valid for assessing dietary intake of different types of fat. The FFQ we developed and used in this study gave reasonably valid measures of fatty acid intake in our population and is thus suitable for use in large cohort studies. It had validity comparable to that observed for other FFQs. SN - 1047-2797 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12559671/Comparison_of_adipose_tissue_fatty_acids_with_dietary_fatty_acids_as_measured_by_24_hour_recall_and_food_frequency_questionnaire_in_Black_and_White_Adventists:_the_Adventist_Health_Study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1047279702002600 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -