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RSD931, a novel anti-tussive agent acting on airway sensory nerves.
Br J Pharmacol. 2003 Feb; 138(3):407-16.BJ

Abstract

1 The anti-tussive effects, of the local anaesthetic, lidocaine and carcainium chloride (RSD931) have been investigated in guinea-pigs and rabbits. 2 Pre-treatment of guinea-pigs with aerosols of lidocaine or RSD931 at 0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg ml(-1) reduced the number of citric acid-induced coughs by 9.3, 32.6 and 40.9% (P>0.05) for lidocaine and by 25.3% (P>0.05), 40.4% (P>0.05) and 97.6% (P<0.01) for RSD931, respectively and increased the latency to onset of cough at 10.0 mg ml(-1) only. In addition, RSD931 at 10 mg ml(-1) reduced citric acid-evoked cough responses in rabbits (with prior exposure to ozone at 3 p.p.m. for 1 h) from 22.1+/-5.1 to 2.7+/-0.9 coughs (P<0.01). 3 Acute pre-treatment of guinea-pigs with aerosols of lidocaine or RSD931 at 10.0 and 30.0 mg ml(-1) reduced the number of capsaicin-evoked coughs by 42.2 and 10.3% (P>0.05) (lidocaine) and by 25% (P>0.05) and 76.9% (P<0.01) (RSD931), respectively. Lidocaine had little effect on the latency of cough onset at either 10.0 or 30.0 mg ml(-1), however, RSD at 30.0 mg ml(-1) significantly (P<0.05) prolonged the latency of cough onset. 4 RSD931 (10.0 mg ml(-1)) significantly (P<0.05-<0.01) reduced the spontaneous and histamine-evoked discharges in Adelta-fibres originating from airway, rapidly adapting stretch receptors (RARs) without affecting histamine-evoked bronchoconstriction. Lidocaine at 10.0 mg ml(-1) also significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the spontaneous and histamine-induced discharges of RARs without affecting histamine-evoked bronchoconstriction. 5 Aerosols of RSD931 (10.0 mg ml(-1)) caused a transient, but significant (P<0.05), activation of pulmonary C-fibre endings 2.5 min after administration started. RSD931 had no significant (P>0.05) effects on discharges in bronchial C-fibres originating from bronchial C-fibre endings, capsaicin-evoked discharges of either pulmonary or bronchial C-fibre endings or on capsaicin-evoked bronchoconstriction. In contrast, lidocaine (10.0 mg ml(-1)) significantly (P<0.05) inhibited spontaneous and capsaicin-induced discharges in both pulmonary and bronchial C-fibres respectively. Lidocaine also significantly (P<0.05) reduced capsaicin-evoked bronchoconstriction. 6 These studies suggest that the anti-tussive actions of RSD931 are mediated via inhibition of discharges in Adelta-fibres originating from airway RARs. The mechanism of action of RSD931 is distinct from that of the local anaesthetic lidocaine and RSD931 may represent a novel class of anti-tussive agent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pneumolabs (UK) Ltd, NPIMR, Y Block, Watford Road, Harrow, Middlesex HA1 3UJ, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12569065

Citation

Adcock, J J., et al. "RSD931, a Novel Anti-tussive Agent Acting On Airway Sensory Nerves." British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 138, no. 3, 2003, pp. 407-16.
Adcock JJ, Douglas GJ, Garabette M, et al. RSD931, a novel anti-tussive agent acting on airway sensory nerves. Br J Pharmacol. 2003;138(3):407-16.
Adcock, J. J., Douglas, G. J., Garabette, M., Gascoigne, M., Beatch, G., Walker, M., & Page, C. P. (2003). RSD931, a novel anti-tussive agent acting on airway sensory nerves. British Journal of Pharmacology, 138(3), 407-16.
Adcock JJ, et al. RSD931, a Novel Anti-tussive Agent Acting On Airway Sensory Nerves. Br J Pharmacol. 2003;138(3):407-16. PubMed PMID: 12569065.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - RSD931, a novel anti-tussive agent acting on airway sensory nerves. AU - Adcock,J J, AU - Douglas,G J, AU - Garabette,M, AU - Gascoigne,M, AU - Beatch,G, AU - Walker,M, AU - Page,C P, PY - 2003/2/6/pubmed PY - 2003/10/15/medline PY - 2003/2/6/entrez SP - 407 EP - 16 JF - British journal of pharmacology JO - Br J Pharmacol VL - 138 IS - 3 N2 - 1 The anti-tussive effects, of the local anaesthetic, lidocaine and carcainium chloride (RSD931) have been investigated in guinea-pigs and rabbits. 2 Pre-treatment of guinea-pigs with aerosols of lidocaine or RSD931 at 0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg ml(-1) reduced the number of citric acid-induced coughs by 9.3, 32.6 and 40.9% (P>0.05) for lidocaine and by 25.3% (P>0.05), 40.4% (P>0.05) and 97.6% (P<0.01) for RSD931, respectively and increased the latency to onset of cough at 10.0 mg ml(-1) only. In addition, RSD931 at 10 mg ml(-1) reduced citric acid-evoked cough responses in rabbits (with prior exposure to ozone at 3 p.p.m. for 1 h) from 22.1+/-5.1 to 2.7+/-0.9 coughs (P<0.01). 3 Acute pre-treatment of guinea-pigs with aerosols of lidocaine or RSD931 at 10.0 and 30.0 mg ml(-1) reduced the number of capsaicin-evoked coughs by 42.2 and 10.3% (P>0.05) (lidocaine) and by 25% (P>0.05) and 76.9% (P<0.01) (RSD931), respectively. Lidocaine had little effect on the latency of cough onset at either 10.0 or 30.0 mg ml(-1), however, RSD at 30.0 mg ml(-1) significantly (P<0.05) prolonged the latency of cough onset. 4 RSD931 (10.0 mg ml(-1)) significantly (P<0.05-<0.01) reduced the spontaneous and histamine-evoked discharges in Adelta-fibres originating from airway, rapidly adapting stretch receptors (RARs) without affecting histamine-evoked bronchoconstriction. Lidocaine at 10.0 mg ml(-1) also significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the spontaneous and histamine-induced discharges of RARs without affecting histamine-evoked bronchoconstriction. 5 Aerosols of RSD931 (10.0 mg ml(-1)) caused a transient, but significant (P<0.05), activation of pulmonary C-fibre endings 2.5 min after administration started. RSD931 had no significant (P>0.05) effects on discharges in bronchial C-fibres originating from bronchial C-fibre endings, capsaicin-evoked discharges of either pulmonary or bronchial C-fibre endings or on capsaicin-evoked bronchoconstriction. In contrast, lidocaine (10.0 mg ml(-1)) significantly (P<0.05) inhibited spontaneous and capsaicin-induced discharges in both pulmonary and bronchial C-fibres respectively. Lidocaine also significantly (P<0.05) reduced capsaicin-evoked bronchoconstriction. 6 These studies suggest that the anti-tussive actions of RSD931 are mediated via inhibition of discharges in Adelta-fibres originating from airway RARs. The mechanism of action of RSD931 is distinct from that of the local anaesthetic lidocaine and RSD931 may represent a novel class of anti-tussive agent. SN - 0007-1188 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12569065/RSD931_a_novel_anti_tussive_agent_acting_on_airway_sensory_nerves_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0705056 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -