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Iron status and iron deficiency anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area.
Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2002; 54(3):137-44.GO

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess the extent and degree of anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area, to estimate the contribution of iron deficiency, using serum (S)-ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as markers of iron deficiency.

MATERIALS

Consecutive primigravidae at booking for antenatal care (n = 76), primary school boys (n = 101) and postmenarchal girls (n = 130) age >or=12 years were investigated.

METHODS

Weight and height were measured; venous blood was drawn for haematological analyses, malaria screening, S-ferritin, sTfR, and C-reactive protein. Stool specimens were analysed for intestinal parasites.

RESULTS

Anaemia (Hb <105 g/l) was highly prevalent in adolescent primigravidae (75.5%). Adolescent girls were more anaemic (Hb <120 g/l) than boys (14.5 vs. 7.9%). Iron deficiency and hookworm infestation were predominant in both groups of adolescents, however, malaria contributed more to anaemia in the primigravidae. Nearly 40% of the anaemic primigravidae had indication of infection, and S-ferritin was less useful as a marker of iron deficiency in this group. sTfR identified iron deficiency in both pregnant and non-pregnant adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Muhimbili College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. smassawe@muchs.ac.tzNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12571434

Citation

Massawe, S N., et al. "Iron Status and Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Adolescents in a Tanzanian Suburban Area." Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, vol. 54, no. 3, 2002, pp. 137-44.
Massawe SN, Ronquist G, Nyström L, et al. Iron status and iron deficiency anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2002;54(3):137-44.
Massawe, S. N., Ronquist, G., Nyström, L., & Lindmark, G. (2002). Iron status and iron deficiency anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area. Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation, 54(3), 137-44.
Massawe SN, et al. Iron Status and Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Adolescents in a Tanzanian Suburban Area. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2002;54(3):137-44. PubMed PMID: 12571434.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Iron status and iron deficiency anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area. AU - Massawe,S N, AU - Ronquist,G, AU - Nyström,L, AU - Lindmark,G, PY - 2002/01/01/received PY - 2003/2/7/pubmed PY - 2003/5/7/medline PY - 2003/2/7/entrez SP - 137 EP - 44 JF - Gynecologic and obstetric investigation JO - Gynecol Obstet Invest VL - 54 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent and degree of anaemia in adolescents in a Tanzanian suburban area, to estimate the contribution of iron deficiency, using serum (S)-ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) as markers of iron deficiency. MATERIALS: Consecutive primigravidae at booking for antenatal care (n = 76), primary school boys (n = 101) and postmenarchal girls (n = 130) age >or=12 years were investigated. METHODS: Weight and height were measured; venous blood was drawn for haematological analyses, malaria screening, S-ferritin, sTfR, and C-reactive protein. Stool specimens were analysed for intestinal parasites. RESULTS: Anaemia (Hb <105 g/l) was highly prevalent in adolescent primigravidae (75.5%). Adolescent girls were more anaemic (Hb <120 g/l) than boys (14.5 vs. 7.9%). Iron deficiency and hookworm infestation were predominant in both groups of adolescents, however, malaria contributed more to anaemia in the primigravidae. Nearly 40% of the anaemic primigravidae had indication of infection, and S-ferritin was less useful as a marker of iron deficiency in this group. sTfR identified iron deficiency in both pregnant and non-pregnant adolescents. SN - 0378-7346 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12571434/Iron_status_and_iron_deficiency_anaemia_in_adolescents_in_a_Tanzanian_suburban_area_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000067879 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -