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Estimated energy intake, macronutrient intake and meal pattern of Flemish adolescents.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003 Feb; 57(2):366-75.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the energy and macronutrient intake and the meal patterns of Flemish adolescents, aged 13-18 y.

METHODS

A 7 day estimated food record was administered to the whole sample.

SETTING

Secondary schools in the city of Ghent, Belgium.

SUBJECTS

A total of 341 adolescents (13-18 y) selected by a multistage clustered sampling (participation: 72.7%).

MAIN RESULTS

A significant increase with age was observed in total energy intake in adolescent boys (P<0.01), but not in girls. The energy distribution over the macronutrients showed no significant difference between boys and girls. On average, 35.7% (s.d. 4.81%) of energy came from total fat and 15.4% (s.d. 2.46%) from saturated fatty acids; 49.0% (s.d. 5.28%) from total carbohydrates with 25.1% (s.d. 4.49%) from complex carbohydrates and 23.9% (s.d. 5.86%) from free sugars. The energy contribution of alcohol in the 16-18 y-old-group was significantly higher as compared with the 13-15 y-old-group, for both boys and girls. Snacks between meals accounted for almost 20% of the total energy intake. Lunch and dinner were characterized by high total fat content.

CONCLUSION

These students consumed a diet high in total fat and in saturated fatty acids and also high in mono- and disaccharides. Observed mean intakes deviate considerably from the Belgian dietary guidelines. A low energy intake at breakfast was observed, while a higher proportion of energy was derived from snacks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. christophe.matthys@rug.ac.beNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12571673

Citation

Matthys, C, et al. "Estimated Energy Intake, Macronutrient Intake and Meal Pattern of Flemish Adolescents." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 57, no. 2, 2003, pp. 366-75.
Matthys C, De Henauw S, Devos C, et al. Estimated energy intake, macronutrient intake and meal pattern of Flemish adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(2):366-75.
Matthys, C., De Henauw, S., Devos, C., & De Backer, G. (2003). Estimated energy intake, macronutrient intake and meal pattern of Flemish adolescents. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(2), 366-75.
Matthys C, et al. Estimated Energy Intake, Macronutrient Intake and Meal Pattern of Flemish Adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2003;57(2):366-75. PubMed PMID: 12571673.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Estimated energy intake, macronutrient intake and meal pattern of Flemish adolescents. AU - Matthys,C, AU - De Henauw,S, AU - Devos,C, AU - De Backer,G, PY - 2002/03/22/received PY - 2002/05/14/revised PY - 2002/05/16/accepted PY - 2003/2/7/pubmed PY - 2003/7/17/medline PY - 2003/2/7/entrez SP - 366 EP - 75 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 57 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the energy and macronutrient intake and the meal patterns of Flemish adolescents, aged 13-18 y. METHODS: A 7 day estimated food record was administered to the whole sample. SETTING: Secondary schools in the city of Ghent, Belgium. SUBJECTS: A total of 341 adolescents (13-18 y) selected by a multistage clustered sampling (participation: 72.7%). MAIN RESULTS: A significant increase with age was observed in total energy intake in adolescent boys (P<0.01), but not in girls. The energy distribution over the macronutrients showed no significant difference between boys and girls. On average, 35.7% (s.d. 4.81%) of energy came from total fat and 15.4% (s.d. 2.46%) from saturated fatty acids; 49.0% (s.d. 5.28%) from total carbohydrates with 25.1% (s.d. 4.49%) from complex carbohydrates and 23.9% (s.d. 5.86%) from free sugars. The energy contribution of alcohol in the 16-18 y-old-group was significantly higher as compared with the 13-15 y-old-group, for both boys and girls. Snacks between meals accounted for almost 20% of the total energy intake. Lunch and dinner were characterized by high total fat content. CONCLUSION: These students consumed a diet high in total fat and in saturated fatty acids and also high in mono- and disaccharides. Observed mean intakes deviate considerably from the Belgian dietary guidelines. A low energy intake at breakfast was observed, while a higher proportion of energy was derived from snacks. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12571673/Estimated_energy_intake_macronutrient_intake_and_meal_pattern_of_Flemish_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601533 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -