Renal sympathetic nerve responses to tempol in spontaneously hypertensive rats.Hypertension. 2003 Feb; 41(2):266-73.H
Recent studies have implicated a contribution of oxidative stress to the development of hypertension. Studies were performed to determine the effects of the superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (Tempol) on vascular superoxide production and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) in anesthetized Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Compared with WKY rats (n=6), SHR showed a doubled vascular superoxide production, which was normalized by treatment with Tempol (3 mmol/L, n=7). In WKY rats (n=6), Tempol (30 mg/kg IV) significantly decreased mean arterial pressure (MAP) from 108+/-5 to 88+/-6 mm Hg and HR from 304+/-9 to 282+/-6 beats/min. In SHR (n=6), Tempol significantly decreased MAP from 166+/-4 to 123+/-9 mm Hg and HR from 380+/-7 to 329+/-12 beats/min. Furthermore, Tempol significantly decreased RSNA in both WKY rats and SHR. On the basis of group comparisons, the percentage decreases in MAP (-28+/-4%), HR (-16+/-3%) and integrated RSNA (-63+/-6%) in SHR were significantly greater than in WKY rats (-17+/-3%, -9+/-2%, and -30+/-4%, respectively). In SHR, changes in integrated RSNA were highly correlated with changes in MAP (r=0.85, P<0.0001) during administration of Tempol (3, 10, and 30 mg/kg IV). In both WKY rats and SHR (n=4, respectively), intracerebroventricular injection of Tempol (300 micro g/1 micro L) did not alter MAP, HR, or RSNA. Intravenous administration of a SOD inhibitor, diethyldithio-carbamic acid (30 mg/kg), significantly increased MAP, HR, and integrated RSNA in both WKY rats and SHR (n=6, respectively). These results suggest that augmented superoxide production contributes to the development of hypertension through activation of the sympathetic nervous system.