Characterization and comparison of midgut proteases of Bacillus thuringiensis susceptible and resistant diamondback moth (Plutellidae: Lepidoptera).J Invertebr Pathol. 2003 Jan; 82(1):1-11.JI
The midgut proteases of the Bacillus thuringiensis resistant and susceptible populations of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. were characterized by using protease specific substrates and inhibitors. The midgut contained trypsin-like proteases of molecular weights of 97, 32, 29.5, 27.5, and 25 kDa. Of these five proteases, 29.5 kDa trypsin-like protease was the most predominant in activation of protoxins of Cry1Aa and Cry1Ab. The activation of Cry1Ab protoxin by midgut protease was fast (T(1/2) of 23-24 min) even at a protoxin:protease ratio of 250:1. The protoxin activation appeared to be multi-step process, and at least seven intermediates were observed before formation of a stable toxin of about 57.4 kDa from protoxin of about 133 kDa. Activation of Cry1Aa was faster than that of Cry1Ab on incubation of protoxins with midgut proteases and bovine trypsin. The protoxin and toxin forms of Cry proteins did not differ in toxicity towards larvae of P. xylostella. The differences in susceptibility of two populations to B. thuringiensis Cry1Ab were not due to midgut proteolytic activity. Further, the proteolytic patterns of Cry1A protoxins were similar in the resistant as well as susceptible populations of P. xylostella.