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Training of aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma.
J Pediatr 2003; 142(2):179-84JPed

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the effect of a training protocol on aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma.

STUDY DESIGN

Sixteen boys (mean age: 13 years; range: 10-16 years) with mild-to-moderate asthma participated in a rehabilitation program that included 6 weeks of individualized training on a cycle ergometer. Two groups were randomly formed: the control group (CG, n = 7) and the training group (TG, n = 9), which exercised at an intensity set at the heart rate corresponding to the ventilatory threshold, with 1-minute sprints against the maximal aerobic power (MAP) every 4 minutes. Session duration was 45 minutes, 3 sessions per week. Changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max), MAP, short-term peak power (PP), and pulmonary function were assessed.

RESULTS

Two patients of the training group did not complete the study. Pulmonary function remained unchanged in both groups. Improvement in both aerobic and anaerobic fitness was significant only in the training group (TG vs CG): VO(2)max +18% +/- 2.1% versus +9% +/- 4.5% (P <.05), MAP +32% +/- 5% versus 12% +/- 7% (P <.05), PP +21% +/- 5.7% versus +8.8% +/- 10% (P <.01).

CONCLUSION

Exercise training with high-intensity bouts is well tolerated in children with mild-to-moderate asthma. When included in a global rehabilitation program, this type of training improves both aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Anaerobic activities should be considered in sports rehabilitation programs for children with asthma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service de Pédiatrie I, Service d'Exploration Fonctionnelle Respiratoire, Hôpital Arnaud de Villeneuve, and UFR STAPS, Montpellier, France. counil@chu-montpellier.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12584541

Citation

Counil, François-Pierre, et al. "Training of Aerobic and Anaerobic Fitness in Children With Asthma." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 142, no. 2, 2003, pp. 179-84.
Counil FP, Varray A, Matecki S, et al. Training of aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma. J Pediatr. 2003;142(2):179-84.
Counil, F. P., Varray, A., Matecki, S., Beurey, A., Marchal, P., Voisin, M., & Préfaut, C. (2003). Training of aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma. The Journal of Pediatrics, 142(2), pp. 179-84.
Counil FP, et al. Training of Aerobic and Anaerobic Fitness in Children With Asthma. J Pediatr. 2003;142(2):179-84. PubMed PMID: 12584541.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Training of aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma. AU - Counil,François-Pierre, AU - Varray,Alain, AU - Matecki,Stephan, AU - Beurey,Alain, AU - Marchal,Patrick, AU - Voisin,Michel, AU - Préfaut,Christian, PY - 2003/2/14/pubmed PY - 2003/3/22/medline PY - 2003/2/14/entrez SP - 179 EP - 84 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J. Pediatr. VL - 142 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a training protocol on aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Sixteen boys (mean age: 13 years; range: 10-16 years) with mild-to-moderate asthma participated in a rehabilitation program that included 6 weeks of individualized training on a cycle ergometer. Two groups were randomly formed: the control group (CG, n = 7) and the training group (TG, n = 9), which exercised at an intensity set at the heart rate corresponding to the ventilatory threshold, with 1-minute sprints against the maximal aerobic power (MAP) every 4 minutes. Session duration was 45 minutes, 3 sessions per week. Changes in maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max), MAP, short-term peak power (PP), and pulmonary function were assessed. RESULTS: Two patients of the training group did not complete the study. Pulmonary function remained unchanged in both groups. Improvement in both aerobic and anaerobic fitness was significant only in the training group (TG vs CG): VO(2)max +18% +/- 2.1% versus +9% +/- 4.5% (P <.05), MAP +32% +/- 5% versus 12% +/- 7% (P <.05), PP +21% +/- 5.7% versus +8.8% +/- 10% (P <.01). CONCLUSION: Exercise training with high-intensity bouts is well tolerated in children with mild-to-moderate asthma. When included in a global rehabilitation program, this type of training improves both aerobic and anaerobic fitness. Anaerobic activities should be considered in sports rehabilitation programs for children with asthma. SN - 0022-3476 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12584541/Training_of_aerobic_and_anaerobic_fitness_in_children_with_asthma_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3476(02)40332-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -