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Selective removal of the selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) in mouse mammary epithelium.
Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Mar; 23(5):1477-88.MC

Abstract

Mice homozygous for an allele encoding the selenocysteine (Sec) tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) flanked by loxP sites were generated. Cre recombinase-dependent removal of Trsp in these mice was lethal to embryos. To investigate the role of Trsp in mouse mammary epithelium, we deleted this gene by using transgenic mice carrying the Cre recombinase gene under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) long terminal repeat or the whey acidic protein promoter. While both promoters target Cre gene expression to mammary epithelium, MMTV-Cre is also expressed in spleen and skin. Sec tRNA [Ser]Sec amounts were reduced by more than 70% in mammary tissue with either transgene, while in skin and spleen, levels were reduced only with MMTV-Cre. The selenoprotein population was selectively affected with MMTV-Cre in breast and skin but not in the control tissue, kidney. Moreover, within affected tissues, expression of specific selenoproteins was regulated differently and often in a contrasting manner, with levels of Sep15 and the glutathione peroxidases GPx1 and GPx4 being substantially reduced. Expression of the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and p53 was also altered in a contrasting manner in MMTV-Cre mice, suggesting greater susceptibility to cancer and/or increased cell apoptosis. Thus, the conditional Trsp knockout mouse allows tissue-specific manipulation of Sec tRNA and selenoprotein expression, suggesting that this approach will provide a useful tool for studying the role of selenoproteins in health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section on Molecular Biology of Selenium, Basic Research Laboratory, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12588969

Citation

Kumaraswamy, Easwari, et al. "Selective Removal of the Selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec Gene (Trsp) in Mouse Mammary Epithelium." Molecular and Cellular Biology, vol. 23, no. 5, 2003, pp. 1477-88.
Kumaraswamy E, Carlson BA, Morgan F, et al. Selective removal of the selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) in mouse mammary epithelium. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23(5):1477-88.
Kumaraswamy, E., Carlson, B. A., Morgan, F., Miyoshi, K., Robinson, G. W., Su, D., Wang, S., Southon, E., Tessarollo, L., Lee, B. J., Gladyshev, V. N., Hennighausen, L., & Hatfield, D. L. (2003). Selective removal of the selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) in mouse mammary epithelium. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 23(5), 1477-88.
Kumaraswamy E, et al. Selective Removal of the Selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec Gene (Trsp) in Mouse Mammary Epithelium. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23(5):1477-88. PubMed PMID: 12588969.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Selective removal of the selenocysteine tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) in mouse mammary epithelium. AU - Kumaraswamy,Easwari, AU - Carlson,Bradley A, AU - Morgan,Fanta, AU - Miyoshi,Keiko, AU - Robinson,Gertraud W, AU - Su,Dan, AU - Wang,Shulin, AU - Southon,Eileen, AU - Tessarollo,Lino, AU - Lee,Byeong Jae, AU - Gladyshev,Vadim N, AU - Hennighausen,Lothar, AU - Hatfield,Dolph L, PY - 2003/2/18/pubmed PY - 2003/4/5/medline PY - 2003/2/18/entrez SP - 1477 EP - 88 JF - Molecular and cellular biology JO - Mol. Cell. Biol. VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - Mice homozygous for an allele encoding the selenocysteine (Sec) tRNA [Ser]Sec gene (Trsp) flanked by loxP sites were generated. Cre recombinase-dependent removal of Trsp in these mice was lethal to embryos. To investigate the role of Trsp in mouse mammary epithelium, we deleted this gene by using transgenic mice carrying the Cre recombinase gene under control of the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) long terminal repeat or the whey acidic protein promoter. While both promoters target Cre gene expression to mammary epithelium, MMTV-Cre is also expressed in spleen and skin. Sec tRNA [Ser]Sec amounts were reduced by more than 70% in mammary tissue with either transgene, while in skin and spleen, levels were reduced only with MMTV-Cre. The selenoprotein population was selectively affected with MMTV-Cre in breast and skin but not in the control tissue, kidney. Moreover, within affected tissues, expression of specific selenoproteins was regulated differently and often in a contrasting manner, with levels of Sep15 and the glutathione peroxidases GPx1 and GPx4 being substantially reduced. Expression of the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and p53 was also altered in a contrasting manner in MMTV-Cre mice, suggesting greater susceptibility to cancer and/or increased cell apoptosis. Thus, the conditional Trsp knockout mouse allows tissue-specific manipulation of Sec tRNA and selenoprotein expression, suggesting that this approach will provide a useful tool for studying the role of selenoproteins in health. SN - 0270-7306 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12588969/Selective_removal_of_the_selenocysteine_tRNA_[Ser]Sec_gene__Trsp__in_mouse_mammary_epithelium_ L2 - http://mcb.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=12588969 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -