Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Potent metalloporphyrin peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst protects against the development of doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction.
Circulation 2003; 107(6):896-904Circ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Increased oxidative stress and dysregulation of nitric oxide have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin (DOX), a commonly used antitumor agent. Peroxynitrite is a reactive oxidant produced from nitric oxide and superoxide in various forms of cardiac injury. Using a novel metalloporphyrinic peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst, FP15, and nitric oxide synthase inhibitors or knockout mice, we now delineate the pathogenetic role of peroxynitrite in rodent models of DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Mice received a single injection of DOX (25 mg/kg IP). Five days after DOX administration, left ventricular performance was significantly depressed, and high mortality was noted. Treatment with FP15 and an inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, aminoguanidine, reduced DOX-induced mortality and improved cardiac function. Genetic deletion of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene was also accompanied by better preservation of cardiac performance. In contrast, inhibition of the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase with N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester increased DOX-induced mortality. FP15 reduced the DOX-induced increase in serum LDH and creatine kinase activities. Furthermore, FP15 prevented the DOX-induced increase in lipid peroxidation, nitrotyrosine formation, and metalloproteinase activation in the heart but not NAD(P)H-driven superoxide generation. Peroxynitrite neutralization did not interfere with the antitumor effect of DOX. FP15 also decreased ischemic injury in rats and improved cardiac function and survival of mice in a chronic model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.

CONCLUSIONS

Thus, peroxynitrite plays a key role in the pathogenesis of DOX-induced cardiac failure. Targeting peroxynitrite formation may represent a new cardioprotective strategy after DOX exposure or in other conditions associated with peroxynitrite formation, including myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Inotek Pharmaceuticals Corp, Beverly, Mass 01915, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12591762

Citation

Pacher, Pál, et al. "Potent Metalloporphyrin Peroxynitrite Decomposition Catalyst Protects Against the Development of Doxorubicin-induced Cardiac Dysfunction." Circulation, vol. 107, no. 6, 2003, pp. 896-904.
Pacher P, Liaudet L, Bai P, et al. Potent metalloporphyrin peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst protects against the development of doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction. Circulation. 2003;107(6):896-904.
Pacher, P., Liaudet, L., Bai, P., Mabley, J. G., Kaminski, P. M., Virág, L., ... Szabó, C. (2003). Potent metalloporphyrin peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst protects against the development of doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction. Circulation, 107(6), pp. 896-904.
Pacher P, et al. Potent Metalloporphyrin Peroxynitrite Decomposition Catalyst Protects Against the Development of Doxorubicin-induced Cardiac Dysfunction. Circulation. 2003 Feb 18;107(6):896-904. PubMed PMID: 12591762.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Potent metalloporphyrin peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst protects against the development of doxorubicin-induced cardiac dysfunction. AU - Pacher,Pál, AU - Liaudet,Lucas, AU - Bai,Péter, AU - Mabley,Jon G, AU - Kaminski,Pawel M, AU - Virág,László, AU - Deb,Amitabha, AU - Szabó,Eva, AU - Ungvári,Zoltán, AU - Wolin,Michael S, AU - Groves,John T, AU - Szabó,Csaba, PY - 2003/2/20/pubmed PY - 2003/3/1/medline PY - 2003/2/20/entrez SP - 896 EP - 904 JF - Circulation JO - Circulation VL - 107 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress and dysregulation of nitric oxide have been implicated in the cardiotoxicity of doxorubicin (DOX), a commonly used antitumor agent. Peroxynitrite is a reactive oxidant produced from nitric oxide and superoxide in various forms of cardiac injury. Using a novel metalloporphyrinic peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst, FP15, and nitric oxide synthase inhibitors or knockout mice, we now delineate the pathogenetic role of peroxynitrite in rodent models of DOX-induced cardiac dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice received a single injection of DOX (25 mg/kg IP). Five days after DOX administration, left ventricular performance was significantly depressed, and high mortality was noted. Treatment with FP15 and an inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, aminoguanidine, reduced DOX-induced mortality and improved cardiac function. Genetic deletion of the inducible nitric oxide synthase gene was also accompanied by better preservation of cardiac performance. In contrast, inhibition of the endothelial isoform of nitric oxide synthase with N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester increased DOX-induced mortality. FP15 reduced the DOX-induced increase in serum LDH and creatine kinase activities. Furthermore, FP15 prevented the DOX-induced increase in lipid peroxidation, nitrotyrosine formation, and metalloproteinase activation in the heart but not NAD(P)H-driven superoxide generation. Peroxynitrite neutralization did not interfere with the antitumor effect of DOX. FP15 also decreased ischemic injury in rats and improved cardiac function and survival of mice in a chronic model of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, peroxynitrite plays a key role in the pathogenesis of DOX-induced cardiac failure. Targeting peroxynitrite formation may represent a new cardioprotective strategy after DOX exposure or in other conditions associated with peroxynitrite formation, including myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. SN - 1524-4539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12591762/Potent_metalloporphyrin_peroxynitrite_decomposition_catalyst_protects_against_the_development_of_doxorubicin_induced_cardiac_dysfunction_ L2 - http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/01.cir.0000048192.52098.dd?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -