UFP-101, a high affinity antagonist for the nociceptin/orphanin FQ receptor: radioligand and GTPgamma(35)S binding studies.Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol 2003; 367(2):183-7NS
Studies of the pharmacology of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) and its receptor (NOP) have been hampered by the lack of a range of high potency antagonists. In this study we have examined the effects of a novel N/OFQ analogue [Nphe(1),Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ NH(2) hereafter referred to as UFP-101. [(3)H]N/OFQ competition binding and GTPgamma(35)S binding assays were performed using CHO cells expressing the human NOP receptor (CHO(hNOP)). UFP-101 (pK(i) of 10.14+/-0.09) and a range of NOP selective agonists displaced [(3)H]N/OFQ binding with the following rank order of affinity: [Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ>[(pF)Phe(4)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2)>N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2)>UFP-101>N/OFQ>Ro64-6198>[Nphe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2). N/OFQ, N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2), [(pF)Phe(4)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2), [Arg(14),Lys(15)]N/OFQ and Ro64-6198 also produced a concentration dependent (pEC(50) values of 8.75+/-0.11, 9.28+/-0.15, 9.69+/-0.04, 9.12+/-0.11 and 8.09+/-0.07 respectively) and saturable stimulation of GTPgamma(35)S binding and all were full agonists. UFP-101 did not stimulate GTPgamma(35)S binding per se, but produced a concentration dependent and parallel rightward shift in the concentration response curves to all agonists. UFP-101 yielded pA(2) values in the range 8.4-9.0. For comparison a pA(2) for [Nphe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2) (the template for UFP-101) against N/OFQ of 7.33+/-0.08 was obtained. Slope factors for the Schild regression lines were approximately 1 indicating competitivity. When UFP-101 is compared with its template molecule [Nphe(1)]N/OFQ(1-13)NH(2), Arg(14),Lys(15) substitution produced approximately 1 log greater potency. We suggest that due to its high potency UFP-101 should prove a further useful tool in the evaluation of the N/OFQ-NOP receptor system.