ESRD-associated cutaneous manifestations in a hemodialysis population.Nephrol Nurs J 2002; 29(6):525-7, 531-9; quiz 540-1NN
Cutaneous manifestations occurring in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) can indicate systemic problems that have significant morbidity and mortality risks. Skin changes are sometimes a consequence of the disease that caused the renal failure or may be an ESRD manifestation. Pruritus is the most prevalent ESRD cutaneous complaint, but its pathogenesis is not understood. The pathophysiology, presentation, and nursing implications of perforating dermatosis, metastatic calcification, polytetraflouroethylene graft infection, and lichen planus are discussed with corresponding case reports.