Helicobacter pylori infection, mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia in Asian populations: a comparative study in age-, gender- and endoscopic diagnosis-matched subjects.Helicobacter. 2003 Feb; 8(1):29-35.H
It is known that the incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer is high among Japanese and Chinese populations, but extremely low in Thai and Vietnamese populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the differences in the glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia scores in stomach specimens of Asian adult subjects of different races.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese and Japanese patients were matched by age, gender and endoscopic diagnosis, in order to compare the differences in incidence of H. pylori-related peptic ulcer disease and the prevalence of H. pylori infection among four Asian populations (n = 700). Glandular atrophy scores and intestinal metaplasia scores were also compared among four Asian populations divided into H. pylori-positive cases (n = 120, 109, 145, 80, respectively) and H. pylori-negative cases (n = 55, 66, 30, 95, respectively).
Among peptic ulcers, gastric ulcer was more frequently seen in Japanese subjects than in the other Asian populations examined. On the other hand, duodenal ulcer was more frequently seen in other Asian populations than in Japanese subjects. The prevalence of H. pylori infection was similar in the Japanese (Tokyo) and Chinese (Beijing and Fuzhou) populations. It was higher in Thai (Chiang Mai) subjects compared with Japanese subjects. On the other hand, Vietnamese (Ho Chi Minh) subjects had significantly lower rates of H. pylori infection than Japanese subjects. The glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia scores in the stomach were significantly higher in the H. pylori-positive Japanese subjects than in H. pylori-positive subjects belonging to other Asian populations, except for the higher glandular atrophy scores in Chinese rather than Japanese subjects. On the other hand, there were no significant differences in the glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia scores in the angulus of the stomach among H. pylori-negative subjects belonging to the different Asian populations examined.
Gastric ulcer was more common among Japanese subjects, while duodenal ulcer was more common among the other Asian populations examined. Japanese subjects with H. pylori infection showed more severe atrophic and metaplastic gastritis compared with that in other Asian subjects with H. pylori infection. These results may be related to the higher incidence of gastric cancer noted in Japanese subjects and the lower incidence of the cancer seen in Thai and Vietnamese patients.