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W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience.
Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2003 Feb; 21(2):112-5.IJ

Abstract

An international outbreak among pilgrims returning from the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) and their close contacts was caused by W135 Neisseria meningitidis. In Singapore, this strain is a new emerging problem, clearly associated with this outbreak. We investigated the extent of transmission of N. meningitidis in Hajj pilgrims and their contacts, in order to provide evidence for developing a rational public health policy. We found a high acquisition rate of W135 N. meningitidis in Singaporean pilgrims during the Hajj with substantial transmission to their household contacts. These findings would support a policy of eradication of pharyngeal carriage in returning pilgrims to prevent introduction and dissemination of meningococci.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Infectious Diseases, Travellers' Health and Vaccination Centre, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore. epvws@pacific.net.sg

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12615373

Citation

Wilder-Smith, Annelies. "W135 Meningococcal Carriage in Association With the Hajj Pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore Experience." International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol. 21, no. 2, 2003, pp. 112-5.
Wilder-Smith A. W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2003;21(2):112-5.
Wilder-Smith, A. (2003). W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 21(2), 112-5.
Wilder-Smith A. W135 Meningococcal Carriage in Association With the Hajj Pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore Experience. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2003;21(2):112-5. PubMed PMID: 12615373.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - W135 meningococcal carriage in association with the Hajj pilgrimage 2001: the Singapore experience. A1 - Wilder-Smith,Annelies, PY - 2003/3/5/pubmed PY - 2003/12/4/medline PY - 2003/3/5/entrez SP - 112 EP - 5 JF - International journal of antimicrobial agents JO - Int J Antimicrob Agents VL - 21 IS - 2 N2 - An international outbreak among pilgrims returning from the Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) and their close contacts was caused by W135 Neisseria meningitidis. In Singapore, this strain is a new emerging problem, clearly associated with this outbreak. We investigated the extent of transmission of N. meningitidis in Hajj pilgrims and their contacts, in order to provide evidence for developing a rational public health policy. We found a high acquisition rate of W135 N. meningitidis in Singaporean pilgrims during the Hajj with substantial transmission to their household contacts. These findings would support a policy of eradication of pharyngeal carriage in returning pilgrims to prevent introduction and dissemination of meningococci. SN - 0924-8579 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12615373/W135_meningococcal_carriage_in_association_with_the_Hajj_pilgrimage_2001:_the_Singapore_experience_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0924857902003552 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -