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Mass-gathering medical care: a review of the literature.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2002 Jul-Sep; 17(3):151-62.PD

Abstract

Mass-gatherings events provide a difficult setting for which to plan an appropriate emergency medical response. Many of the variables that affect the level and types of medical needs, have not been fully researched. This review examines these variables.

METHODS

An extensive review was conducted using the computerized databases Medline and Healthstar from 1977 through May 2002. Articles selected contained information pertaining to mass-gathering variables. These articles were read, abstracted, analyzed, and compiled.

RESULTS

Multiple variables are present during a mass gathering, and they interact in complex and dynamic ways. The interaction of these variables contributes to the number of patients treated at an event (medical usage rate) as well as the observed injury patterns. Important variables include weather, event type, event duration, age, crowd mood and density, attendance, and alcohol and drug use.

CONCLUSIONS

Developing an understanding of the variables associated with mass gatherings should be the first step for event planners. After these variables are considered, a thorough needs analysis can be performed and resource allocation can be based on objective data.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Maryland, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Baltimore, Maryland 21201-1734, USA. amilstej@aol.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12627919

Citation

Milsten, Andrew M., et al. "Mass-gathering Medical Care: a Review of the Literature." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 17, no. 3, 2002, pp. 151-62.
Milsten AM, Maguire BJ, Bissell RA, et al. Mass-gathering medical care: a review of the literature. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2002;17(3):151-62.
Milsten, A. M., Maguire, B. J., Bissell, R. A., & Seaman, K. G. (2002). Mass-gathering medical care: a review of the literature. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 17(3), 151-62.
Milsten AM, et al. Mass-gathering Medical Care: a Review of the Literature. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2002 Jul-Sep;17(3):151-62. PubMed PMID: 12627919.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mass-gathering medical care: a review of the literature. AU - Milsten,Andrew M, AU - Maguire,Brian J, AU - Bissell,Rick A, AU - Seaman,Kevin G, PY - 2003/3/12/pubmed PY - 2003/3/28/medline PY - 2003/3/12/entrez SP - 151 EP - 62 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 17 IS - 3 N2 - UNLABELLED: Mass-gatherings events provide a difficult setting for which to plan an appropriate emergency medical response. Many of the variables that affect the level and types of medical needs, have not been fully researched. This review examines these variables. METHODS: An extensive review was conducted using the computerized databases Medline and Healthstar from 1977 through May 2002. Articles selected contained information pertaining to mass-gathering variables. These articles were read, abstracted, analyzed, and compiled. RESULTS: Multiple variables are present during a mass gathering, and they interact in complex and dynamic ways. The interaction of these variables contributes to the number of patients treated at an event (medical usage rate) as well as the observed injury patterns. Important variables include weather, event type, event duration, age, crowd mood and density, attendance, and alcohol and drug use. CONCLUSIONS: Developing an understanding of the variables associated with mass gatherings should be the first step for event planners. After these variables are considered, a thorough needs analysis can be performed and resource allocation can be based on objective data. SN - 1049-023X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12627919/full_citation L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/firstaid.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -