Inhibition of monoamine oxidase B by selective adenosine A2A receptor antagonists.Bioorg Med Chem. 2003 Apr 03; 11(7):1299-310.BM
Adenosine receptor antagonists that are selective for the A(2A) receptor subtype (A(2A) antagonists) are under investigation as possible therapeutic agents for the symptomatic treatment of the motor deficits associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Results of recent studies in the MPTP mouse model of PD suggest that A(2A) antagonists may possess neuroprotective properties. Since monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitors also enhance motor function and reduce MPTP neurotoxicity, we have examined the MAO-B inhibiting properties of several A(2A) antagonists and structurally related compounds in an effort to determine if inhibition of MAO-B may contribute to the observed neuroprotection. The results of these studies have established that all of the (E)-8-styrylxanthinyl derived A(2A) antagonists examined display significant MAO-B inhibitory properties in vitro with K(i) values in the low micro M to nM range. Included in this series is (E)-1,3-diethyl-8-(3,4-dimethoxystyryl)-7-methylxanthine (KW-6002), a potent A(2A) antagonist and neuroprotective agent that is in clinical trials. The results of these studies suggest that MAO-B inhibition may contribute to the neuroprotective potential of A(2A) receptor antagonists such as KW-6002 and open the possibility of designing dual targeting drugs that may have enhanced therapeutic potential in the treatment of PD.