The Spanish-Language Version of the Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders: development and initial psychometric evaluation of diagnoses and criteria.Compr Psychiatry. 2003 Mar-Apr; 44(2):154-61.CP
We describe the development of the Spanish-Language Version of the Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders (S-DIPD-IV). Initial descriptive (frequency and gender distribution of personality disorders [PDs]) and psychometric findings (inter-rater reliability of diagnoses, internal consistency, and criteria inter-relatedness) are reported based on administration of the S-DIPD-IV to 95 adult monolingual Hispanic patients. The S-DIPD-IV had adequate inter-rater reliability for most PD (mean kappa =.83). Except for the significantly greater proportion of males diagnosed with antisocial PD, no significant gender differences in the distribution of PD were observed. Within-category inter-relatedness of PD criteria was evaluated by coefficient alpha and mean intercriterion correlations (MIC). Between-category criteria overlap was evaluated by intercategory mean intercriterion correlations between all pairs of PD (ICMIC). For PD criteria, alpha ranged .36 to .99 (mean =.75, median =.81), MIC ranged .07 to .95 (mean = .36), and ICMIC ranged.09 to.45 (mean = .24). Six PD (borderline, antisocial, narcissistic, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, and depressive) had no instances in which their criteria sets correlated higher with those of other PD than their own. Two PD (histrionic and dependent PD) had some instances of overlap, and four PD (paranoid, schizotypal, schizoid, and passive-aggressive) had pervasive overlap with other PD criteria sets. These findings suggest the utility of the S-DIPD-IV for assessing PD in Spanish-speaking Hispanic outpatients. Our initial findings for this patient group suggest that, except for antisocial PD in males, specific PD diagnoses are not differentially distributed by gender. Moreover, except for cluster A PD, the criteria for specific PD tend to be more highly correlated within than across PD. The S-DIPD-IV appears to have utility to facilitate PD research with Hispanic groups.