A split-mouth comparison of a three-dimensional-action electric toothbrush and a high-frequency electric toothbrush for reducing plaque and gingivitis.J Int Acad Periodontol 2001; 3(4):95-103JI
To compare the effectiveness in reducing plaque and gingivitis of an electric toothbrush with three-dimensional (oscillating/rotating/pulsating) brush head action, Braun Oral-B 3D Plaque Remover, and an electric toothbrush with high-frequency vibrating action, Sonicare Plus.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This was a randomised, split-mouth study of 33 adult subjects who used both electric toothbrushes for a total of 9 weeks. After a 2-week acclimation period of brushing with each device on alternating days, subjects received a prophylaxis, then refrained from any oral hygiene on the mandibular teeth for 21 days to induce gingivitis. However, they continued to brush the maxillary teeth on alternating days with each electric toothbrush. Then, for a period of 4 weeks they brushed each side of the mouth with different toothbrushes, randomly assigned to right or left. Plaque and gingivitis were assessed initially, after the 21-day no-oral-hygiene period, and after 2, 3 and 4 weeks of brushing twice daily.
After 21 days without oral hygiene, mean mandibular plaque and gingivitis scores increased significantly for all subjects. Use of both electric toothbrushes during the treatment phase progressively reduced plaque and gingivitis scores at each successive examination. The Braun toothbrush was significantly more effective than the Sonicare toothbrush in reducing plaque at every examination and gingival bleeding after 4 weeks of brushing. It is concluded that the Braun electric toothbrush with three-dimensional brush head action offers advantages over the Sonicare electric toothbrush with high-frequency vibrating action in terms of plaque control and potential improvement of gingival health following induction of experimental gingivitis.