[Relationship between cytochrome c-mediated caspase-3 activity and chemoresistance in cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines].Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2002 Nov; 24(6):544-7.ZZ
To investigate the effects of anti-apoptosis gene (bcl-X(L)), cytochrome c and caspase-3 activity on chemoresistance in cisplatin-resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780/DDP, COC1/DDP).
The expression of bcl-X(L) cisplatin treated cytochrome c and caspase-3 activity were monitored by RT-PCR and Western blot in cisplatin-resistant (A2780/DDP, COC1/DDP) and cisplatin-sensitive (A2780, COC1) cell lines. The apoptotic rates of A2780, COC1, A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP were detected with flow cytometry after having been treated by cisplatin.
The expression of bcl-X(L) in A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP was significantly higher than that in A2780 and COC1 cells, whereas the expression of cytochrome c, caspase-3 activity and apoptotic rates of A2780/DDP and COC1/DDP were significantly reduced more than those of A2780 and COC1 after having been treated by cisplatin (P < 0.05).
The overexpression of anti-apoptotic gene bcl-X(L), which downregulates cytochrome c and decreases caspase-3 activity, may be related to cisplatin-resistance in human ovarian cancer cell lines.