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Effect of a novel type of propolis and its chemical fractions on glucosyltransferases and on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci.
Biol Pharm Bull 2003; 26(4):527-31BP

Abstract

Flavonoids have been considered the main biologically active components in propolis. However, a new variety of flavonoid-free propolis was recently found and chemically classified as type 6. Because it showed activity against oral microorganisms, this study evaluated the effects of the crude ethanolic extract of this propolis and its chemical fractions on the activity of purified glucosyltransferases (GTFs) and on the growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. The inhibitory effect of propolis extracts on GTF activities was determined either in solution or adsorbed onto saliva-coated hydroxyapatite. Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt 1600, Streptococcus sobrinus 6715, and two clinical isolates of each species were used for antibacterial assays. Susceptibilities to the test extracts were analyzed using the agar diffusion method and by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC); the effect on bacterial adherence to a glass surface was also assessed. The activity of GTFs in solution was effectively inhibited by the ethanolic extract of propolis type 6 (EEP) (>80% inhibition at 0.5 mg/ml), hexane, and chloroform fractions (60-90% inhibition at 100 microg/ml); their inhibitory effects on surface enzymes were less pronounced. The EEP, hexane, and chloroform fractions also showed significant antibacterial activity. The data showed that propolis type 6 remarkably reduced GTF activity and inhibited mutans streptococci growth and adherence; these biological activities are associated with its nonpolar components.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiological Sciences, Dentistry School of Piracicaba, State University of Campinas Brazil, Sao Paulo.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12673037

Citation

Duarte, Simone, et al. "Effect of a Novel Type of Propolis and Its Chemical Fractions On Glucosyltransferases and On Growth and Adherence of Mutans Streptococci." Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 26, no. 4, 2003, pp. 527-31.
Duarte S, Koo H, Bowen WH, et al. Effect of a novel type of propolis and its chemical fractions on glucosyltransferases and on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003;26(4):527-31.
Duarte, S., Koo, H., Bowen, W. H., Hayacibara, M. F., Cury, J. A., Ikegaki, M., & Rosalen, P. L. (2003). Effect of a novel type of propolis and its chemical fractions on glucosyltransferases and on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 26(4), pp. 527-31.
Duarte S, et al. Effect of a Novel Type of Propolis and Its Chemical Fractions On Glucosyltransferases and On Growth and Adherence of Mutans Streptococci. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003;26(4):527-31. PubMed PMID: 12673037.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of a novel type of propolis and its chemical fractions on glucosyltransferases and on growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. AU - Duarte,Simone, AU - Koo,Hyun, AU - Bowen,William Henry, AU - Hayacibara,Mitsue Fujimaki, AU - Cury,Jaime Aparecido, AU - Ikegaki,Masaharu, AU - Rosalen,Pedro Luiz, PY - 2003/4/4/pubmed PY - 2003/12/3/medline PY - 2003/4/4/entrez SP - 527 EP - 31 JF - Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin JO - Biol. Pharm. Bull. VL - 26 IS - 4 N2 - Flavonoids have been considered the main biologically active components in propolis. However, a new variety of flavonoid-free propolis was recently found and chemically classified as type 6. Because it showed activity against oral microorganisms, this study evaluated the effects of the crude ethanolic extract of this propolis and its chemical fractions on the activity of purified glucosyltransferases (GTFs) and on the growth and adherence of mutans streptococci. The inhibitory effect of propolis extracts on GTF activities was determined either in solution or adsorbed onto saliva-coated hydroxyapatite. Streptococcus mutans Ingbritt 1600, Streptococcus sobrinus 6715, and two clinical isolates of each species were used for antibacterial assays. Susceptibilities to the test extracts were analyzed using the agar diffusion method and by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC); the effect on bacterial adherence to a glass surface was also assessed. The activity of GTFs in solution was effectively inhibited by the ethanolic extract of propolis type 6 (EEP) (>80% inhibition at 0.5 mg/ml), hexane, and chloroform fractions (60-90% inhibition at 100 microg/ml); their inhibitory effects on surface enzymes were less pronounced. The EEP, hexane, and chloroform fractions also showed significant antibacterial activity. The data showed that propolis type 6 remarkably reduced GTF activity and inhibited mutans streptococci growth and adherence; these biological activities are associated with its nonpolar components. SN - 0918-6158 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12673037/Effect_of_a_novel_type_of_propolis_and_its_chemical_fractions_on_glucosyltransferases_and_on_growth_and_adherence_of_mutans_streptococci_ L2 - http://joi.jlc.jst.go.jp/JST.JSTAGE/bpb/26.527?from=PubMed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -