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ABO blood type, Lewis and Secretor genotypes, and chronic atrophic gastritis: a cross-sectional study in Japan.
Gastric Cancer. 2003; 6(1):8-16.GC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

the H type I structure, synthesized by the secretor (Se) enzyme in gastric foveolar cells, and its metabolite, Lewis b (le(b)) antigen, mediate the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) to the gastric epithelium, whereas H. Pylori does not bind to modified forms of Le(b) specific for blood types A and B. Such host factors as Le and Se genotypes and ABO blood type may affect the establishment of H. Pylori infection and, once infected, the risk of chronic atrophic gastritis.

METHODS

we investigated the cross-sectional relation of abo blood type and Le and Le genotypes to gastric atrophy, assessed by serum pepsinogen levels, in japanese residents from two sources.

RESULTS

among the 151 h. Pylori-positive participants of the h. Pylori eradication program, odds ratios (ors) for gastric atrophy, adjusted for age, sex, and smoking, were elevated for blood types a (or = 5.35; 95% confidence interval (ci), 2.11-13.58) and b (or = 4.79; 95% ci, 1.77-12.93) relative to type o. Ors for blood types a and b were also elevated in h. Pylori-negative subjects. These associations were not observed among 250 h. Pylori-positive health check-up examinees. The le genotype was not associated with gastric atrophy in either study population. The se/ se genotype was associated with statistically nonsignificant elevation of gastric atrophy risk in both populations.

CONCLUSIONS

the present data showed a strong association of blood types a and b with gastric atrophy in one, but not the other, study population. Discrepant results between the two populations warrant further investigation. Background: the h type i structure, synthesized by the secretor (se) enzyme in gastric foveolar cells, and its metabolite, lewis b (le(b)) antigen, mediate the adhesion of helicobacter pylori (h. Pylori) to the gastric epithelium, whereas h. Pylori does not bind to modified forms of le(b) specific for blood types a and b. Such host factors as le and se genotypes and abo blood type may affect the establishment of h. Pylori infection and, once infected, the risk of chronic atrophic gastritis. Methods: we investigated the cross-sectional relation of abo blood type and le and se genotypes to gastric atrophy, assessed by serum pepsinogen levels, in japanese residents from two sources. Results: among the 151 h. Pylori-positive participants of the h. Pylori eradication program, odds ratios (ors) for gastric atrophy, adjusted for age, sex, and smoking, were elevated for blood types a (or = 5.35; 95% confidence interval (ci), 2.11-13.58) and b (or = 4.79; 95% ci, 1.77-12.93) relative to type o. Ors for blood types a and b were also elevated in h. Pylori-negative subjects. These associations were not observed among 250 h. Pylori-positive health check-up examinees. The le genotype was not associated with gastric atrophy in either study population. The se/ se genotype was associated with statistically nonsignificant elevation of gastric atrophy risk in both populations. Conclusions: the present data showed a strong association of blood types a and b with gastric atrophy in one, but not the other, study population. Discrepant results between the two populations warrant further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12673421

Citation

Shibata, Atsuko, et al. "ABO Blood Type, Lewis and Secretor Genotypes, and Chronic Atrophic Gastritis: a Cross-sectional Study in Japan." Gastric Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association, vol. 6, no. 1, 2003, pp. 8-16.
Shibata A, Hamajima N, Ikehara Y, et al. ABO blood type, Lewis and Secretor genotypes, and chronic atrophic gastritis: a cross-sectional study in Japan. Gastric Cancer. 2003;6(1):8-16.
Shibata, A., Hamajima, N., Ikehara, Y., Saito, T., Matsuo, K., Katsuda, N., Tajima, K., Tatematsu, M., & Tominaga, S. (2003). ABO blood type, Lewis and Secretor genotypes, and chronic atrophic gastritis: a cross-sectional study in Japan. Gastric Cancer : Official Journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association, 6(1), 8-16.
Shibata A, et al. ABO Blood Type, Lewis and Secretor Genotypes, and Chronic Atrophic Gastritis: a Cross-sectional Study in Japan. Gastric Cancer. 2003;6(1):8-16. PubMed PMID: 12673421.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ABO blood type, Lewis and Secretor genotypes, and chronic atrophic gastritis: a cross-sectional study in Japan. AU - Shibata,Atsuko, AU - Hamajima,Nobuyuki, AU - Ikehara,Yuzuru, AU - Saito,Toshiko, AU - Matsuo,Keitaro, AU - Katsuda,Nobuyuki, AU - Tajima,Kazuo, AU - Tatematsu,Masae, AU - Tominaga,Suketami, PY - 2003/4/4/pubmed PY - 2004/10/1/medline PY - 2003/4/4/entrez SP - 8 EP - 16 JF - Gastric cancer : official journal of the International Gastric Cancer Association and the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association JO - Gastric Cancer VL - 6 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: the H type I structure, synthesized by the secretor (Se) enzyme in gastric foveolar cells, and its metabolite, Lewis b (le(b)) antigen, mediate the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) to the gastric epithelium, whereas H. Pylori does not bind to modified forms of Le(b) specific for blood types A and B. Such host factors as Le and Se genotypes and ABO blood type may affect the establishment of H. Pylori infection and, once infected, the risk of chronic atrophic gastritis. METHODS: we investigated the cross-sectional relation of abo blood type and Le and Le genotypes to gastric atrophy, assessed by serum pepsinogen levels, in japanese residents from two sources. RESULTS: among the 151 h. Pylori-positive participants of the h. Pylori eradication program, odds ratios (ors) for gastric atrophy, adjusted for age, sex, and smoking, were elevated for blood types a (or = 5.35; 95% confidence interval (ci), 2.11-13.58) and b (or = 4.79; 95% ci, 1.77-12.93) relative to type o. Ors for blood types a and b were also elevated in h. Pylori-negative subjects. These associations were not observed among 250 h. Pylori-positive health check-up examinees. The le genotype was not associated with gastric atrophy in either study population. The se/ se genotype was associated with statistically nonsignificant elevation of gastric atrophy risk in both populations. CONCLUSIONS: the present data showed a strong association of blood types a and b with gastric atrophy in one, but not the other, study population. Discrepant results between the two populations warrant further investigation. Background: the h type i structure, synthesized by the secretor (se) enzyme in gastric foveolar cells, and its metabolite, lewis b (le(b)) antigen, mediate the adhesion of helicobacter pylori (h. Pylori) to the gastric epithelium, whereas h. Pylori does not bind to modified forms of le(b) specific for blood types a and b. Such host factors as le and se genotypes and abo blood type may affect the establishment of h. Pylori infection and, once infected, the risk of chronic atrophic gastritis. Methods: we investigated the cross-sectional relation of abo blood type and le and se genotypes to gastric atrophy, assessed by serum pepsinogen levels, in japanese residents from two sources. Results: among the 151 h. Pylori-positive participants of the h. Pylori eradication program, odds ratios (ors) for gastric atrophy, adjusted for age, sex, and smoking, were elevated for blood types a (or = 5.35; 95% confidence interval (ci), 2.11-13.58) and b (or = 4.79; 95% ci, 1.77-12.93) relative to type o. Ors for blood types a and b were also elevated in h. Pylori-negative subjects. These associations were not observed among 250 h. Pylori-positive health check-up examinees. The le genotype was not associated with gastric atrophy in either study population. The se/ se genotype was associated with statistically nonsignificant elevation of gastric atrophy risk in both populations. Conclusions: the present data showed a strong association of blood types a and b with gastric atrophy in one, but not the other, study population. Discrepant results between the two populations warrant further investigation. SN - 1436-3291 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12673421/ABO_blood_type_Lewis_and_Secretor_genotypes_and_chronic_atrophic_gastritis:_a_cross_sectional_study_in_Japan_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s101200300001 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -