Resolution of compartment syndrome after rattlesnake envenomation utilizing non-invasive measures.J Emerg Med. 2003 Apr; 24(3):285-8.JE
Western diamondback rattlesnake envenomation is usually managed by administration of neutralizing antivenom. The development of compartment syndrome is a rare complication that has sparked considerable debate regarding medical vs. surgical management. We report a case of compartment syndrome resulting from a rattlesnake envenomation, which responded to large doses of neutralizing antivenom given concomitantly with mannitol and hyperbaric oxygen. This regimen obviated the need for surgical fasciotomy and its associated morbidity.