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Vegetable consumption and carotenoids in plasma and adipose tissue in Malaga, Spain.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2003 Feb; 73(1):24-31.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study relationships between habitual dietary intake, adipose tissue concentrations of alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and lycopene, and plasma concentrations of alpha- and beta-carotene.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study including assessment of food habits by a food frequency questionnaire and 48-hour recall and determination of carotenoid concentrations in adipose tissue and plasma.

SUBJECTS

51 women (mean age of 62 years) from the control group of the European Community Multicentre Study on Antioxidants, Myocardial Infarction, and Breast Cancer (EURAMIC), Málaga, Spain.

RESULTS

In adipose tissue, beta-carotene was correlated with consumption of green pepper (r = 0.36; p < 0.05) and lycopene with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.28; p < 0.05), green pepper (r = 0.31; p < 0.05), and carrot (r = 0.25; p < 0.10). In plasma, beta-carotene was correlated with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.29; p < 0.10), lettuce (r = 0.34; p < 0.05), tomato (r = 0.26; p < 0.10), and lycopene with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.27; p < 0.10). Age-, BMI- and waist circumference-adjusted regression coefficients for the regression of logn-transformed adipose and plasma concentrations on consumption of specific fruits and vegetables (per 100 g/day) were calculated. In adipose tissue, coefficients were: 1.50 (p < 0.05) for alpha-carotene/carrot; 1.90 (p < 0.10) and 0.51 (p < 0.10) for beta-carotene/green pepper and lettuce; 2.02 (p < 0.05), 1.25 (p < 0.05) and 0.18 (p < 0.05) for lycopene/green pepper, carrot and total fruit/vegetable intake. In plasma, coefficients were 1.14 (p < 0.05) and 0.21 (p < 0.05) for beta-carotene/lettuce and total fruit/vegetable intake.

CONCLUSIONS

Consumption of fruit and vegetables could be linked directly to carotenoid concentrations in adipose tissue and plasma. Although associations with individual food items are related to their carotenoid contents, the absorption and distribution of carotenoids needs more attention to improve their usefulness as biomarkers of exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Málaga, Campus Teatinos s/n, 29071 Málaga, Spain. gomezaracena@uma.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12690908

Citation

Gómez-Aracena, Jorge, et al. "Vegetable Consumption and Carotenoids in Plasma and Adipose Tissue in Malaga, Spain." International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, vol. 73, no. 1, 2003, pp. 24-31.
Gómez-Aracena J, Bogers R, Van't Veer P, et al. Vegetable consumption and carotenoids in plasma and adipose tissue in Malaga, Spain. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2003;73(1):24-31.
Gómez-Aracena, J., Bogers, R., Van't Veer, P., Gómez-Gracia, E., García-Rodríguez, A., Wedel, H., & Fernández-Crehuet Navajas, J. (2003). Vegetable consumption and carotenoids in plasma and adipose tissue in Malaga, Spain. International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift Fur Vitamin- Und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition, 73(1), 24-31.
Gómez-Aracena J, et al. Vegetable Consumption and Carotenoids in Plasma and Adipose Tissue in Malaga, Spain. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2003;73(1):24-31. PubMed PMID: 12690908.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetable consumption and carotenoids in plasma and adipose tissue in Malaga, Spain. AU - Gómez-Aracena,Jorge, AU - Bogers,Rik, AU - Van't Veer,Pieter, AU - Gómez-Gracia,Enrique, AU - García-Rodríguez,Antonio, AU - Wedel,Hans, AU - Fernández-Crehuet Navajas,Joaquín, PY - 2003/4/15/pubmed PY - 2003/9/27/medline PY - 2003/4/15/entrez SP - 24 EP - 31 JF - International journal for vitamin and nutrition research. Internationale Zeitschrift fur Vitamin- und Ernahrungsforschung. Journal international de vitaminologie et de nutrition JO - Int J Vitam Nutr Res VL - 73 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study relationships between habitual dietary intake, adipose tissue concentrations of alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and lycopene, and plasma concentrations of alpha- and beta-carotene. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study including assessment of food habits by a food frequency questionnaire and 48-hour recall and determination of carotenoid concentrations in adipose tissue and plasma. SUBJECTS: 51 women (mean age of 62 years) from the control group of the European Community Multicentre Study on Antioxidants, Myocardial Infarction, and Breast Cancer (EURAMIC), Málaga, Spain. RESULTS: In adipose tissue, beta-carotene was correlated with consumption of green pepper (r = 0.36; p < 0.05) and lycopene with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.28; p < 0.05), green pepper (r = 0.31; p < 0.05), and carrot (r = 0.25; p < 0.10). In plasma, beta-carotene was correlated with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.29; p < 0.10), lettuce (r = 0.34; p < 0.05), tomato (r = 0.26; p < 0.10), and lycopene with total fruit/vegetable intake (r = 0.27; p < 0.10). Age-, BMI- and waist circumference-adjusted regression coefficients for the regression of logn-transformed adipose and plasma concentrations on consumption of specific fruits and vegetables (per 100 g/day) were calculated. In adipose tissue, coefficients were: 1.50 (p < 0.05) for alpha-carotene/carrot; 1.90 (p < 0.10) and 0.51 (p < 0.10) for beta-carotene/green pepper and lettuce; 2.02 (p < 0.05), 1.25 (p < 0.05) and 0.18 (p < 0.05) for lycopene/green pepper, carrot and total fruit/vegetable intake. In plasma, coefficients were 1.14 (p < 0.05) and 0.21 (p < 0.05) for beta-carotene/lettuce and total fruit/vegetable intake. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of fruit and vegetables could be linked directly to carotenoid concentrations in adipose tissue and plasma. Although associations with individual food items are related to their carotenoid contents, the absorption and distribution of carotenoids needs more attention to improve their usefulness as biomarkers of exposure. SN - 0300-9831 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12690908/Vegetable_consumption_and_carotenoids_in_plasma_and_adipose_tissue_in_Malaga_Spain_ L2 - https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1024/0300-9831.73.1.24?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -