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[The impact of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis].

Abstract

Besides other trigger factors food allergens have been shown to play a major role in the exacerbation and maintenance of eczematous lesions in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), particularly in children. Food allergy may not only present as a flare up up of eczema in these patients, but also immediate type reactions and mixed reactions can be observed under food challenge tests. Whereas cow's milk hen's egg, wheat and soy have been identified as important triggers in infants, pollen related foods like nuts, fruit und vegetable have a greater impact in adolescents and adult Food specific T cells have been identified as effector cells in food responsible eczema and food specific T cell clones could be generated from lesional skin of patients who reacted with a worsening of their AD upon oral challenge tests. Due to the poor reliability of in-vitro (RAST) and skin tests (skin prick test (SPT), atopy patch test (APT)) the double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is regarded as the gold standard in the diagnostic work-up of food allergy. Once a food allergy has been diagnosed, a specific elimination diet represents the first line therapy, which has to consider the supplementation of essential nutrients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

,

Klinik und Poliklinik für Dermatologie und Venerologie der Medizinische Hochschule Hannover. kristinebreuer@web.de

,

Source

MeSH

Adult
Allergens
Child
Child, Preschool
Comorbidity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dermatitis, Atopic
Food Hypersensitivity
Humans
Immunoglobulin E
Incidence
Infant

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

12691082

Citation

Breuer, K, et al. "[The Impact of Food Allergy in Patients With Atopic Dermatitis]." Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete, vol. 54, no. 2, 2003, pp. 121-9.
Breuer K, Kapp A, Werfel T. [The impact of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis]. Hautarzt. 2003;54(2):121-9.
Breuer, K., Kapp, A., & Werfel, T. (2003). [The impact of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis]. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete, 54(2), pp. 121-9.
Breuer K, Kapp A, Werfel T. [The Impact of Food Allergy in Patients With Atopic Dermatitis]. Hautarzt. 2003;54(2):121-9. PubMed PMID: 12691082.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The impact of food allergy in patients with atopic dermatitis]. AU - Breuer,K, AU - Kapp,A, AU - Werfel,T, PY - 2003/4/15/pubmed PY - 2003/8/29/medline PY - 2003/4/15/entrez SP - 121 EP - 9 JF - Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete JO - Hautarzt VL - 54 IS - 2 N2 - Besides other trigger factors food allergens have been shown to play a major role in the exacerbation and maintenance of eczematous lesions in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), particularly in children. Food allergy may not only present as a flare up up of eczema in these patients, but also immediate type reactions and mixed reactions can be observed under food challenge tests. Whereas cow's milk hen's egg, wheat and soy have been identified as important triggers in infants, pollen related foods like nuts, fruit und vegetable have a greater impact in adolescents and adult Food specific T cells have been identified as effector cells in food responsible eczema and food specific T cell clones could be generated from lesional skin of patients who reacted with a worsening of their AD upon oral challenge tests. Due to the poor reliability of in-vitro (RAST) and skin tests (skin prick test (SPT), atopy patch test (APT)) the double blind placebo controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) is regarded as the gold standard in the diagnostic work-up of food allergy. Once a food allergy has been diagnosed, a specific elimination diet represents the first line therapy, which has to consider the supplementation of essential nutrients. SN - 0017-8470 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12691082/[The_impact_of_food_allergy_in_patients_with_atopic_dermatitis]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9652 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -