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The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam.
Nature. 2003 Apr 17; 422(6933):681-7.Nat

Abstract

Herbicides including Agent Orange were sprayed by United States forces for military purposes during the Vietnam War (1961-1971) at a rate more than an order of magnitude greater than for similar domestic weed control. In 1974, the US National Academy of Sciences published estimates of the extent and distribution of herbicides sprayed. Here we present revised estimates, developed using more-complete data. The spray inventory is expanded by more than seven million litres, in particular with heavily dioxin-contaminated herbicides. Estimates for the amount of dioxin sprayed are almost doubled. Hamlet census data reveal that millions of Vietnamese were likely to have been sprayed upon directly. Our identification of specific military herbicide targets has led to a more coherent understanding of spraying. Common errors in earlier interpretations of the spray data are also discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Health Policy and Management, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 600 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032, USA. jms13@columbia.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Comment

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12700752

Citation

Stellman, Jeanne Mager, et al. "The Extent and Patterns of Usage of Agent Orange and Other Herbicides in Vietnam." Nature, vol. 422, no. 6933, 2003, pp. 681-7.
Stellman JM, Stellman SD, Christian R, et al. The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. Nature. 2003;422(6933):681-7.
Stellman, J. M., Stellman, S. D., Christian, R., Weber, T., & Tomasallo, C. (2003). The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. Nature, 422(6933), 681-7.
Stellman JM, et al. The Extent and Patterns of Usage of Agent Orange and Other Herbicides in Vietnam. Nature. 2003 Apr 17;422(6933):681-7. PubMed PMID: 12700752.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The extent and patterns of usage of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam. AU - Stellman,Jeanne Mager, AU - Stellman,Steven D, AU - Christian,Richard, AU - Weber,Tracy, AU - Tomasallo,Carrie, PY - 2002/12/06/received PY - 2003/03/04/accepted PY - 2003/4/18/pubmed PY - 2003/5/7/medline PY - 2003/4/18/entrez SP - 681 EP - 7 JF - Nature JO - Nature VL - 422 IS - 6933 N2 - Herbicides including Agent Orange were sprayed by United States forces for military purposes during the Vietnam War (1961-1971) at a rate more than an order of magnitude greater than for similar domestic weed control. In 1974, the US National Academy of Sciences published estimates of the extent and distribution of herbicides sprayed. Here we present revised estimates, developed using more-complete data. The spray inventory is expanded by more than seven million litres, in particular with heavily dioxin-contaminated herbicides. Estimates for the amount of dioxin sprayed are almost doubled. Hamlet census data reveal that millions of Vietnamese were likely to have been sprayed upon directly. Our identification of specific military herbicide targets has led to a more coherent understanding of spraying. Common errors in earlier interpretations of the spray data are also discussed. SN - 0028-0836 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12700752/The_extent_and_patterns_of_usage_of_Agent_Orange_and_other_herbicides_in_Vietnam_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/nature01537 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -