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Chemical composition of the fruit mesocarp of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) populations grown in central Amazonia, Brazil.
Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003 Jan; 54(1):49-56.IJ

Abstract

The percent composition, soluble and insoluble food fibers, oil fatty acids and minerals were determined in the mesocarp of fruits of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) populations grown in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Amino acids were also determined in one of the populations. The mean protein levels ranged from 1.8 to 2.7%, lipid levels ranged from 3.5 to 11.1%, the nitrogen free fraction ranged from 24.3 to 35%, food fiber ranged from 5.2% to 8.7%, and energy ranged from 179.1 to 207.4 kcal%. All essential, as well as non-essential, amino acids were present, with tryptophan and methionine presenting the lowest mean concentrations. The mono-unsaturated oleic acid predominated in the oil, ranging from 42.8 to 60.8%, and palmitic acid was the most abundant saturated fatty acid, ranging from 24.1 to 42.3%. Among the essential fatty acids, linoleic acid was the most abundant, with a maximum of 5.4% in Pampa-8. The most important mineral elements were potassium, selenium and chromium, respectively corresponding to 12%, 9% and 9% of daily recommended allowances. Considering the nutritional potential of the fruit, we suggest its more frequent incorporation into the diet of the Amazonian population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Research Institute for Amazonia (INPA-Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia), Av. André Araújo, 2936 Petrópolis, 69083-000 Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12701237

Citation

Yuyama, Lúcia K O., et al. "Chemical Composition of the Fruit Mesocarp of Three Peach Palm (Bactris Gasipaes) Populations Grown in Central Amazonia, Brazil." International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, vol. 54, no. 1, 2003, pp. 49-56.
Yuyama LK, Aguiar JP, Yuyama K, et al. Chemical composition of the fruit mesocarp of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) populations grown in central Amazonia, Brazil. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003;54(1):49-56.
Yuyama, L. K., Aguiar, J. P., Yuyama, K., Clement, C. R., Macedo, S. H., Fávaro, D. I., Afonso, C., Vasconcellos, M. B., Pimentel, S. A., Badolato, E. S., & Vannucchi, H. (2003). Chemical composition of the fruit mesocarp of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) populations grown in central Amazonia, Brazil. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 54(1), 49-56.
Yuyama LK, et al. Chemical Composition of the Fruit Mesocarp of Three Peach Palm (Bactris Gasipaes) Populations Grown in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003;54(1):49-56. PubMed PMID: 12701237.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chemical composition of the fruit mesocarp of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) populations grown in central Amazonia, Brazil. AU - Yuyama,Lúcia K O, AU - Aguiar,Jaime P L, AU - Yuyama,Kaoru, AU - Clement,Charles R, AU - Macedo,Sonja H M, AU - Fávaro,Deborah I T, AU - Afonso,Claudia, AU - Vasconcellos,Marina B A, AU - Pimentel,Sabria A, AU - Badolato,Elsa S G, AU - Vannucchi,Helio, PY - 2003/4/19/pubmed PY - 2003/5/20/medline PY - 2003/4/19/entrez SP - 49 EP - 56 JF - International journal of food sciences and nutrition JO - Int J Food Sci Nutr VL - 54 IS - 1 N2 - The percent composition, soluble and insoluble food fibers, oil fatty acids and minerals were determined in the mesocarp of fruits of three peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) populations grown in Central Amazonia, Brazil. Amino acids were also determined in one of the populations. The mean protein levels ranged from 1.8 to 2.7%, lipid levels ranged from 3.5 to 11.1%, the nitrogen free fraction ranged from 24.3 to 35%, food fiber ranged from 5.2% to 8.7%, and energy ranged from 179.1 to 207.4 kcal%. All essential, as well as non-essential, amino acids were present, with tryptophan and methionine presenting the lowest mean concentrations. The mono-unsaturated oleic acid predominated in the oil, ranging from 42.8 to 60.8%, and palmitic acid was the most abundant saturated fatty acid, ranging from 24.1 to 42.3%. Among the essential fatty acids, linoleic acid was the most abundant, with a maximum of 5.4% in Pampa-8. The most important mineral elements were potassium, selenium and chromium, respectively corresponding to 12%, 9% and 9% of daily recommended allowances. Considering the nutritional potential of the fruit, we suggest its more frequent incorporation into the diet of the Amazonian population. SN - 0963-7486 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12701237/Chemical_composition_of_the_fruit_mesocarp_of_three_peach_palm__Bactris_gasipaes__populations_grown_in_central_Amazonia_Brazil_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/096374803/000061994 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -