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Dietary carotenoids, vegetables, and lung cancer risk in women: the Missouri women's health study (United States).
Cancer Causes Control 2003; 14(1):85-96CC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the effect of specific dietary carotenoids and their primary plant food sources on lung cancer risk in a population-based case-control study of women.

METHODS

Data were available for 587 incident primary lung cancer cases and 624 controls frequency matched to cases based on age. A modified version of the 100-item NCI-Block food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information concerning usual diet 2-3 years prior to interview.

RESULTS

In models adjusted for age, total calorie intake, pack-years of smoking, and education, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and total carotenoid intake were each associated with a significantly lower risk of lung cancer. Several vegetable groups were predictive of lower lung cancer risk, particularly the frequency of total vegetable intake. Individual and total carotenoids were no longer significantly associated with lower lung cancer risk in models adjusted for total vegetable intake. However, total vegetable intake remained significantly inversely associated with risk in models adjusted for total carotenoids.

CONCLUSIONS

These results indicate that consumption of a wide variety of vegetables has a greater bearing on lung cancer risk in a population of smoking and nonsmoking women than intake of any specific carotenoid or total carotenoids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology, and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 05620-8034, USANo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12708729

Citation

Wright, Margaret E., et al. "Dietary Carotenoids, Vegetables, and Lung Cancer Risk in Women: the Missouri Women's Health Study (United States)." Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, vol. 14, no. 1, 2003, pp. 85-96.
Wright ME, Mayne ST, Swanson CA, et al. Dietary carotenoids, vegetables, and lung cancer risk in women: the Missouri women's health study (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2003;14(1):85-96.
Wright, M. E., Mayne, S. T., Swanson, C. A., Sinha, R., & Alavanja, M. C. (2003). Dietary carotenoids, vegetables, and lung cancer risk in women: the Missouri women's health study (United States). Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, 14(1), pp. 85-96.
Wright ME, et al. Dietary Carotenoids, Vegetables, and Lung Cancer Risk in Women: the Missouri Women's Health Study (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2003;14(1):85-96. PubMed PMID: 12708729.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary carotenoids, vegetables, and lung cancer risk in women: the Missouri women's health study (United States). AU - Wright,Margaret E, AU - Mayne,Susan T, AU - Swanson,Christine A, AU - Sinha,Rashmi, AU - Alavanja,Michael C R, PY - 2003/4/24/pubmed PY - 2003/8/7/medline PY - 2003/4/24/entrez SP - 85 EP - 96 JF - Cancer causes & control : CCC JO - Cancer Causes Control VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of specific dietary carotenoids and their primary plant food sources on lung cancer risk in a population-based case-control study of women. METHODS: Data were available for 587 incident primary lung cancer cases and 624 controls frequency matched to cases based on age. A modified version of the 100-item NCI-Block food-frequency questionnaire was used to obtain information concerning usual diet 2-3 years prior to interview. RESULTS: In models adjusted for age, total calorie intake, pack-years of smoking, and education, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and total carotenoid intake were each associated with a significantly lower risk of lung cancer. Several vegetable groups were predictive of lower lung cancer risk, particularly the frequency of total vegetable intake. Individual and total carotenoids were no longer significantly associated with lower lung cancer risk in models adjusted for total vegetable intake. However, total vegetable intake remained significantly inversely associated with risk in models adjusted for total carotenoids. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that consumption of a wide variety of vegetables has a greater bearing on lung cancer risk in a population of smoking and nonsmoking women than intake of any specific carotenoid or total carotenoids. SN - 0957-5243 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12708729/Dietary_carotenoids_vegetables_and_lung_cancer_risk_in_women:_the_Missouri_women's_health_study__United_States__ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=12708729.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -