Induction of CD69 activation molecule on human neutrophils by GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, and IFN-alpha.Cell Immunol 2002; 220(1):20-9CI
The CD69 glycoprotein is an early activation antigen of T and B lymphocytes but it expression is induced in vitro on cells of most hematopoietic lineages, including neutrophils after stimulation with PMA or fMLP. In this study, we investigated whether CD69 expression on human neutrophils could be modulated by inflammatory or anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-18, G-CSF, GM-CSF, TNF-alpha, TGF-beta, IFN-alpha, IFN-gamma). Resting neutrophils from healthy subjects did not express CD69 on the cell surface; moreover, a preformed intracellular pool of CD69 was not evident in these cells. CD69 was barely detectable on these cells after overnight incubation in medium while overnight incubation with GM-CSF, IFN-gamma or IFN-alpha significantly induced CD69 expression on neutrophils with GM-CSF appearing to be the most potent inducer. This induction was dependent on a new protein synthesis as it was significantly inhibited by cycloheximide (about 50% inhibition). CD69 cross-linking on GM-CSF-primed neutrophils sinergized with LPS and increased TNF-alpha production and secretion suggesting a role for CD69-positive neutrophils in the pathogenesis and maintenance of different inflammatory diseases.