Iron depletion without anemia is not associated with impaired selenium status in college-aged women.Biol Trace Elem Res. 2003 Feb; 91(2):125-36.BT
Iron-deficiency anemia has been shown to alter body mineral concentrations and activities of iron- and non-iron-containing enzymes, especially those with antioxidant functions. These effects, however, have been less studied in nonanemic iron-depleted individuals. Thus, this study assessed indices of selenium status in 12 college-aged females with adequate iron stores and 15 college-aged females with low iron stores before and after iron therapy. Blood samples were drawn at baseline for both groups and following iron supplementation in the low-iron-stores group. Hematocrit, hemoglobin, and serum ferritin concentrations of the low iron- stores group were significantly lower than those of the control group. The serum transferrin receptor-to-serum ferritin ratio in the low-iron stores group was significantly greater than that of the control group. Serum selenium and glutathione peroxidase concentrations of the low-iron-stores group were not significantly different from those of the controls. Iron supplementation significantly increased hemoglobin, hematocrit, and serum ferritin concentrations and significantly decreased the serum transferrin receptor concentration and serum transferrin receptor:serum ferritin ratio in the low-iron-stores group posttreatment compared to pretreatment. Serum selenium and glutathione peroxidase concentrations did not differ significantly from pretreatment to posttreatment in the low-iron-stores group. Results of this study indicate that low iron stores without anemia are not associated with impaired selenium status in college-aged females.