Routine analysis of amphetamine and methamphetamine in biological materials by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and on-column derivatization.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2003 Jun 05; 789(1):65-71.JC
A simple determination method of amphetamine (AP) and methamphetamine (MA) in biological materials was developed using on-column derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). AP and MA in biological materials were adsorbed on the surface of Extrelut and then extracted and derivatized simultaneously on the Extrelut column. AP and MA were derivatized to the N-propoxycarbonyl derivatives using propylchloroformate. Pentadeuterated MA was used as an internal standard. The recoveries of AP and MA from urine were 88.2 and 92.5%, and those from blood were 89.7 and 90.3%, respectively. The calibration curves showed linearity in the range of 12.5-2000 ng/ml (ng/g) for AP and MA in urine and blood, and 0.25-20 ng/mg in hair. When urine samples containing two different concentrations (200 and 1000 ng/ml) of AP and MA, blood samples containing two different concentrations (200 and 1000 ng/g) of AP and MA, hair samples containing two different concentrations (0.5 and 5.0 ng/mg) of AP and MA, the coefficients of variation of intra-day and inter-day were 0.68-3.60% in urine, 0.42-4.58% in blood, and 1.20-13.1% in hair. Furthermore, this proposed method was applied to a medico-legal case of MA intoxication.