Alternating chemotherapy with etoposide plus cisplatin and topotecan plus paclitaxel in patients with untreated, extensive-stage small cell lung carcinoma: a phase II trial of the North Central Cancer Treatment Group.Cancer. 2003 May 15; 97(10):2498-503.C
The objective of this study was to test the response rate and toxicity of alternating chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with extensive-stage small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).
Patients with histologically proven, extensive-stage SCLC, with a performance status of 0-2, and who had received no prior chemotherapy were eligible. The design was a two-stage, Phase II, multicenter trial. Treatment consisted of alternating chemotherapy every 3 weeks with etoposide (100 mg/m(2) on Days 1-3) and cisplatin (30 mg/m(2) on Days 1-3) on Cycles 1, 3, 5 and with topotecan (1 mg/m(2) on Days 1-5) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m(2) on Day 5) on Cycles 2, 4, and 6. Filgrastim support was given with Cycles 2, 4, 6.
Forty-four patients were eligible and evaluable. The primary toxicity was myelosuppression. The median absolute neutrophil count was 300/microL with 70% Grade 4 neutropenia. The median platelet count was 58,000/microL with 23% Grade 4 thrombocytopenia. Grade 4 nonhematologic toxicities occurred in 16% of patients. Overall toxicities were not different between the two regimens. There were no treatment-related deaths. Complete or partial responses occurred in 34 patients (77%). The median time to progression was 6.9 months, with a median survival of 10.5 months and with 1-year and 2-year survival rates of 37% and 12%, respectively.
The regimen of alternating chemotherapy was associated with substantial myelosuppression and resulted in a high response rate and good overall survival. The results were similar to those reported in prior trials and did not suggest any improvement in therapy for patients with SCLC.