Sensitive determination of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection.Analyst. 2003 Apr; 128(4):369-72.A
A CE-LIF method was developed for the separation and sensitive detection of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine after derivatization by 4-chloro-7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazol (NBD-C1). The derivatization and separation conditions were investigated in detail and the optimum conditions were obtained. Under the optimum experiment conditions, good linearity relationships (correlation coefficients: 0.9942 for ephedrine and 0.9970 for pseudoephedrine) between the peak heights and concentrations of the analytes were obtained (0.7-140 microM). The detection limits were 0.16 microM for ephedrine and 0.17 microM for pseudoephedrine, which indicated that the sensitivities were at least ten times improved over those reported in the literature obtained by UV detection. The method was applied to the analysis of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine in ephedra herb plants and preparations with good results.