Kv1.2-immunoreactive primary sensory neurons in the rat trigeminal ganglion.Brain Res. 2003 Jun 06; 974(1-2):222-7.BR
Immunohistochemistry for Kv1.2, a subunit of voltage-gated K(+) channels, was performed on the trigeminal ganglion (TG). Immunoreactivity (ir) was detected in half (48%) the TG neurons. These neurons were mostly medium-sized to large (range 137.6-2664.8 microm(2), mean+/-S.D. 892.6+/-413.3 microm(2)). A double immunofluorescence method also revealed co-expression of Kv1.2 and parvalbumin. Half (54%) the Kv1.2-immunoreactive (ir) neurons exhibited parvalbumin-ir, and parvalbumin-ir neurons mostly showed Kv1.2-ir (95%). Kv1.2-ir neurons which co-expressed CGRP-ir were rare in this ganglion. Some 40% of TG neurons retrogradely labeled from the facial skin exhibited Kv1.2-ir, whereas ir was detected in 16% of those labeled from the tooth pulp. The present study indicates that Kv1.2-ir TG neurons include low-threshold mechanoreceptors and nociceptors which innervate the facial skin and tooth pulp, respectively.