Prophylactic effects of systemic oral ephedrine in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.Scand J Urol Nephrol 2003; 37(2):145-50SJ
We investigated the prophylactic effects of systemic oral ephedrine in spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade II and III patients scheduled for spinal anesthesia were randomized into one of two groups. Patients in Group I (n = 30) received oral ephedrine 50 mg in addition to premedication whilst those in Group II (n = 30) received only premedication 30 min before spinal anesthesia. Pre-infusion values were measured in order to obtain baseline readings after oral ephedrine administration in Group I and after premedication in Group II. Systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before and after infusion, during and 5 min after spinal anesthesia and intraoperatively. Hypotension was defined as SAP <100 mmHg and <20% of baseline value. Hypotension was treated with 3 mg ephedrine and bradycardia was corrected with atropine 0.5 mg, given as an i.v. bolus.
SAP values were significantly lower in Group II during the spinal anesthesia, post-spinal and intraoperative periods (p < 0.0001). Fifteen patients received ephedrine in Group II and seven in Group I. Supplemental ephedrine was used at doses of 3.42 +/- 0.97 mg in Group I and 8.86 +/- 1.24 mg in Group II. The incidence of hypotension was halved in Group I compared to Group II (23.33% vs 50%, p = 0.003). Six patients received atropine in Group II because of severe bradycardia. Mean HR values were lower in Group II than Group I during the spinal anesthesia, post-spinal and intraoperative periods.
We conclude that a prophylactic oral dose of ephedrine 50 mg is effective for minimizing and managing spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during transurethral prostatectomy.